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Programming Languages and Program Development by Mind Map: Programming Languages and Program Development
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Programming Languages and Program Development

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Computer Programs and Programming Languages

A computer program is a series of instructions that directs a computer to perform tasks

Low‐Level Languages

Machine language is the first generation of programming languages

Only language the computer directly recognize

Assembly language is the second generation of programming languages

Programmer writes instructions using   symbolic instruction codes

A source program contains the code to be converted to machine language

Procedural Languages

In a procedural language, the programmer writes instructions that tell the computer what to accomplish and how to do it

COBOL (COmmon Business‐Oriented Language) is designed for business applications, but easy to read because of the English‐like statements

An object‐oriented programming (OOP) language allows programmers the ability to reuse and modify existing objects

Other advantages include

Object‐Oriented Programming Languages and Program Development Tools

Java is an object‐oriented programming language developed by Sun Microsystems

The Just‐in‐time (JIT) compiler to convert the bytecode into machine‐dependent code

The Microsoft .NET Framework allows almost any type of program to run on the Internet or an internal business network, as well as computers and mobile devices

Features include

C++ is an extension of the C programming languag

C# is based on C++ and was developed by Microsoft

PowerBuilder is a powerful program development RAD tool

Best suited for Web‐ based, .NET, and large‐ scale enterprise object‐ oriented applications

Other Programming Languages and Development Tools

A 4GL (fourth‐generation language) is a nonprocedural language that enables users and programmers to access data in a database

Classic programming languages include

An application generator is a program that creates source code or machine code from a specification of the required functionality

A macro is a series of statements that instructs an application how to complete a task

You usually create the macro in one of two ways

Web Page Development

HTML is a special formatting language that programmers use to format documents for display on the Web

XHTML is a markup language that allows Web sites to be displayed more easily on mobile device

XML allows Web developers to create customized tags and use predefined tags to display content appropriately on various devices

Two applications of XML are RSS 2.0 and ATOM

Web browsers can execute short programs to add interactive elements to Web pages

To send and receive information between your computer and a Web server, these programs use the CGI (common gateway interface)

Programmers write scripts, applets, servlets, or ActiveX controls using a variety of languages

Web 2.0 allows Web sites to provide a means for users to

Most Web 2.0 sites use APIs

Web page authoring software can create sophisticated Web pages that include images, video, audio, animation, and other effects

Multimedia Program Development

Multimedia authoring software allows programmers to combine text, graphics, animation, audio, and video in an interactive presentation

Program Development

Program development consists of a series of steps programmers use to build computer programs

Step 1 – Analyze Requirements

Step 2 – Design Solution

Step 3 – Validate Design

Step 4 – Implement Design

Step 5 – Test Solution

Step 6 – Document Solution