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ethics by Mind Map: ethics
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ethics

Right

Valid, legally recognized claim, includes freedom from government interference or discriminatory tx. & entitlement to a benefit or service.

Absolute Right

No restrictions whatsoever on individual's rights.

Legal Right

Agreed upon & formalized into law by society.

Values Clarification, Identify & rank own personal values

Emergency commitments

The mentally ill person in need of treatment

Ethical Principals

Autonomy

Individuals are autonomous moral agents whose rights to determine their destinies should be respected.

Beneficence

One's duty to benefit or promote the good of others.

Nonmaleficence

Abstaining from negative acts toward another; includes acting carefully to avoid harm.

Justice

hypothetical social contract between free, equal & rational persons; duty to treat all equally & fairly.

Veracity

One's duty to be truthful always.

Avoiding liability

Assessment

Problem Identification

Plan

Implementation

Evaluation

Legal considerations

Nurse Practice Act

Laws

Statutory

Common

Civil, Torts, Contracts

Criminal

Psych. Legal Issues

Confidentiality & the right to privacy

Informed Consent

Restraints & seclusion (false imprisonment)

Commitment issues, Voluntary admissions, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary outpatient commitment, The gravely disabled client

Nursing Liability

Malpractice and negligence

Types of lawsuits that occur in psychiatric nursing

Breach of confidentiality

Defamation of character, Libel, Slander

Invasion of privacy

Assault and battery

False imprisonment

Avoiding liability

1. Respond to the client. 2. Educate the client. 3. Comply with the standard of care. 4. Supervise care. 5. Adhere to the nursing process. 6. Document care. 7. Follow-up (evaluate the care given). 8. Develop and maintain a good interpersonal relationship with the client and his or her family.

Definitions

Ethics

Rightness or wrongness of actions

Bioethics-, Medical, nursing, allied health ethics

Moral Behavior, Conduct using critical thinking about behavior

Values, Ideals that giving meaning to life

Ethics

Ethical Considerations

Utilitarianism, Promotes actions based on the end results that produce the most good or happiness for the most people.

Kantanism, Decisions or actions are bound by a sense of duty.

Christian Ethics, Do unto others & vice versa

Natural Law theories, Do good & avoid evil. Evil is never condoned even if it is to advance the noblest cause.

Ethical egoism, Decisions are based on what is best for the decision-maker.

Ethical Dilemmas

When moral appeals can be made for taking either of 2 opposing courses of action

Taking no action is considered an action.

Ethical Issues

Right to refuse medication

Right to least restrictive treatment alternative