No restrictions whatsoever on individual's rights.
Agreed upon & formalized into law by society.
Values Clarification, Identify & rank own personal values
Individuals are autonomous moral agents whose rights to determine their destinies should be respected.
One's duty to benefit or promote the good of others.
Abstaining from negative acts toward another; includes acting carefully to avoid harm.
hypothetical social contract between free, equal & rational persons; duty to treat all equally & fairly.
One's duty to be truthful always.
Civil, Torts, Contracts
Confidentiality & the right to privacy
Restraints & seclusion (false imprisonment)
Commitment issues, Voluntary admissions, Involuntary commitment, Involuntary outpatient commitment, The gravely disabled client
Breach of confidentiality
Defamation of character, Libel, Slander
1. Respond to the client. 2. Educate the client. 3. Comply with the standard of care. 4. Supervise care. 5. Adhere to the nursing process. 6. Document care. 7. Follow-up (evaluate the care given). 8. Develop and maintain a good interpersonal relationship with the client and his or her family.
Rightness or wrongness of actions
Bioethics-, Medical, nursing, allied health ethics
Moral Behavior, Conduct using critical thinking about behavior
Values, Ideals that giving meaning to life
Utilitarianism, Promotes actions based on the end results that produce the most good or happiness for the most people.
Kantanism, Decisions or actions are bound by a sense of duty.
Christian Ethics, Do unto others & vice versa
Natural Law theories, Do good & avoid evil. Evil is never condoned even if it is to advance the noblest cause.
Ethical egoism, Decisions are based on what is best for the decision-maker.
When moral appeals can be made for taking either of 2 opposing courses of action
Taking no action is considered an action.
Right to refuse medication
Right to least restrictive treatment alternative