Learning Theories

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Learning Theories by Mind Map: Learning Theories

1. Behaviourism

1.1. Pavlov "Classical Conditioning"

1.1.1. Involves learning to associate an unconditioned stimulus that already brings about a particular response (i.e. a reflex) with a new (conditioned) stimulus, so that the new stimulus brings about the same response.

1.2. Thorndike "Laws of Learning"

1.2.1. Learning is the result of associations forming between stimuli and responses. Such associations or "habits" become strengthened or weakened by the nature and frequency of the S-R pairings.

1.2.1.1. Effect

1.2.1.1.1. We learn (repeat) what has pleasant consequences

1.2.1.2. Readiness

1.2.1.2.1. We learn when we are ready to learn (Relevance)

1.2.1.3. Exercise

1.2.1.3.1. We remember what we practice

1.2.1.4. Primacy

1.2.1.4.1. We remember the first!

1.2.1.5. Recency

1.2.1.5.1. We remember the most recent

1.3. Skinner "Operant Conditioning"

1.3.1. Method of learning that occurs through rewards and punishments for behavior. Through operant conditioning, an association is made between a behavior and a consequence for that behavior.

1.3.1.1. Programmed Instruction

1.3.1.1.1. It consists of self-teaching with the aid of a specialized textbook or teaching machine that presents material structured in a logical and empirically developed sequence or sequences.

2. Cognitivism

2.1. Magic Number 7

2.1.1. Cognitive load theory

2.2. Memory

2.3. Individual differences

2.3.1. Learning style

2.4. Gagne's nine events

2.4.1. Nine events of instruction

2.5. Multimedia principles

2.5.1. Mayer

3. Constructivism

3.1. Cognitive constructivism

3.1.1. Kolb

3.1.1.1. Experience

3.1.1.2. Reflect

3.1.1.3. Conclude

3.1.1.4. Test

3.1.2. New node

3.2. Social constructivism

3.2.1. Discussion

3.2.2. Collaboration

4. Constructionism

4.1. Papert

4.1.1. Learning by doing

4.1.2. Learn by making

4.1.3. Logo language

4.2. Jonassen

4.2.1. Mindtools

4.2.2. Use technology to construct

5. Brain and Body

5.1. Exercise

5.2. Stress

5.3. Sleep

5.4. Nutrition

5.5. Water