Chemistry And Its Changes

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Chemistry And Its Changes by Mind Map: Chemistry And Its Changes

1. Matter

1.1. Mass

1.1.1. All matter has mass, measurement of inertia

1.2. Volume

1.3. 3 states

1.3.1. Solid

1.3.1.1. -melts to a liquid, sublimates to a gas - definite shape and volume - vibration

1.3.2. Liquid

1.3.2.1. -fuses to a solid, and vaporization - indefinite shape, and definite volume - rotation and vibration

1.3.3. Gas

1.3.3.1. - condenses to a liquid, sublimates to a solid - undefinite shape, and undefinite volume - translation, rotation, and vibration

2. Changes

2.1. Physical

2.1.1. Example: Breaking glass

2.2. Chemical

2.2.1. reaction occurs, makes something new, energy change

3. Matter

3.1. Mass and Volume, everything apart from energy in the universe

4. Elements

4.1. Isotopes

4.1.1. - Still same element - But different amount of neutrons

4.2. Diatomic

4.2.1. Grouped in pairs

4.2.2. 7 and 1 - Have No Fear Of Ice Cold Beverages - Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Fluorine, Oxygen, Iodine, Chlorine, and Bromine

5. Periodic Table

5.1. Atomic number

5.1.1. # of protons

5.2. Relative Average Atomic Mass

5.2.1. # of neutrons and protons

5.2.2. Relative to Carbon 12

5.2.3. Average of isotops

5.3. Bonding

5.3.1. Co-valent

5.3.1.1. 2 non-metals sharing electrons

5.3.2. Ionic

5.3.2.1. -1 metal and 1 non-metal gaining/losing electrons to become stable - metal gives/loses, non metal gains

5.4. Period = Horizontal

5.5. Group/Family = Vertical