Direct Object!, to whom?, to what?
no action, conect Subject + Subject Complement (be, become, see, appear, remain)
To+Simple verb form
Never -s, -es, -ed, -or -ing endings!
No To, feel hear help let make see watch, special verb + direct object + infinitive - to
Every G. ends in ing.
Function as NOUNS
Present, ends in -ing
Past, regular verbs, end in -ed, irregular verbs, do not follow the same pattern
Functions, as Multipart Verbs, auxiliary verbs + participles, as Adjetives, Present, "The crying baby" Which baby? The crying baby., Past, "The mangled pair of sunglasses" Which pair of sunglasses? The mangled pair., as Nouns, Whenever a present participle functions as a noun, you call it a gerund.
be + vb
do + vb
have + vb
will + vb
Necesity or obligation, should, must, ought
Possibility, might, could
Willingness or ability, will, can
do not take "-s" in the third person
use "not" to make modal verbs negative