Life on the Goldfields

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Life on the Goldfields by Mind Map: Life on the Goldfields

1. Sickness

1.1. Tumors

1.2. Cancer

1.3. Ringworm

1.4. Sore eyes

1.5. Ulcers

1.6. Dysentery

1.7. Typhoid

2. Interesting Facts

2.1. Worked from dawn to dusk.

2.2. There were women digging in the early stages

2.3. Gold rush began in 1851

2.4. There was plentiful gold in the beginning

2.5. Later, they had to use shaft mining to find gold

2.6. It changed Australia to a democratic country

2.7. Grog shops were illegal

3. Entertainment

3.1. Sport

3.2. Telling stories

3.3. Dancing

3.4. Smoking pipe

3.5. Opium smoking (Chinese only)

3.6. Drinking grog

3.7. Boxing saloon

3.8. Opossum hunting

3.9. Kangaroo hunting

4. Schooling

4.1. First began in tents

4.2. Could fit 100 children

4.3. Sat on wooden benches

4.4. Bad standard

4.5. Bad teachers

4.6. Arithmetic, handwriting, geography etc. as subjects

5. Food

5.1. Damper

5.1.1. Popular on a stick

5.2. Tea

5.2.1. Water in goldfields not clean

5.3. Mutton

5.3.1. Sometimes has maggots in it

5.4. Jerky

5.5. Kangaroo or wallaby

5.5.1. Only occasional

5.6. Billy Tea

6. Licences to dig for gold

6.1. Had to be bought before digging in goldfields

6.2. 30 shillings per month

6.3. Licences had to be with them when digging

6.4. Heavy fines if found not with them when digging

6.5. Possibility of jail

7. Thoughts of Diggers

7.1. Hated police

7.2. Police nickname "Traps"

7.3. Police- brutal, dishonest, unfair, inefficient

7.4. Hated Chinese when they arrived

8. Life of Children

8.1. Helped parents dig

8.2. Carried wood

8.3. Looked after tent or hut

8.4. Cared for the horses

8.5. Fossicked around the leftover gravel and sand

8.6. Older children expected to work as hard as adults

8.7. Only some could afford to go to school

8.8. Help their mother cook

8.9. Did most of the shopping with their mother

9. Ways of Digging

9.1. Panning

9.1.1. Need a pan

9.2. Sluicing

9.3. Shaft

9.3.1. Underground

9.3.2. Extremely dangerous

9.4. Alluvial

9.4.1. At the beginning of the gold rush

9.5. Puddling

9.6. Cradling

9.6.1. Tiring work as you have to push back and forth

10. Houses

10.1. Tents

10.1.1. Dirty

10.1.2. Canvas

10.2. Wooden houses

10.3. Brick cottages

10.3.1. Most are brick

10.4. Slab hut

10.4.1. Uncomfortable

11. Clothing

11.1. Mens

11.1.1. Straw hats

11.1.2. Loose shirts

11.1.3. Loose trousers

11.1.4. Rubber boots

11.2. Womens

11.2.1. Corsets

11.2.2. Lace up boots

11.2.3. Long dresses

12. Shopping

12.1. Tools for mining

12.1.1. Pan

12.1.2. Pick

12.1.3. Bucket

12.1.4. Windlass

12.1.5. Shovel

12.2. Food

12.3. Licences

12.3.1. To dig for gold

12.4. Drinks

12.4.1. Grog

12.5. Tobacco