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Linguistics by Mind Map: Linguistics
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branches of study


phonetics - is a related branch of linguistics concerned with the actual properties of speech sounds (phones), non-speech sounds, and how they are produced and perceived.

evolutionary linguistics

evolutionary linguistics which considers the origins of language

historical linguistics

historical linguistics which explores language change


sociolinguistics which looks at the relation between linguistic variation and social structures


psycholinguistics which explores the representation and functioning of language in the mind


neurolinguistics which looks at the representation of language in the brain

language acquisition

language acquisition which considers how children acquire their first language and how children and adults acquire and learn their second and subsequent languages

discourse analysis

discourse analysis is concerned with the structure of texts and conversations


pragmatics with how meaning is transmitted based on a combination of linguistic competence, non-linguistic knowledge, and the context of the speech act

applied linguistics

the study of language-related issues applied in everyday life, notably language policies, planning, and education. (Constructed language fits under Applied linguistics.)


the study of natural as well as human-taught communication systems in animals, compared to human language.

clinical linguistics

the application of linguistic theory to the field of Speech-Language Pathology.

computational linguistics

the study of computational implementations of linguistic structures.

developmental linguistics

the study of the development of linguistic ability in individuals, particularly the acquisition of language in childhood.

language geography

the study of the geographical distribution of languages and linguistic features.

linguistic typology

the study of the common properties of diverse unrelated languages, properties that may, given sufficient attestation, be assumed to be innate to human language capacity.

topical division


Semantics (language meaning) - in linguistics, semantics is the subfield that is devoted to the study of meaning, as inherent at the levels of words, phrases, sentences, and larger units of discourse.


Grammar (language structure) - in linguistics, grammar refers to the logical and structural rules that govern the composition of sentences, phrases, and words in any given natural language.

related area of study


Semiotics - a related field concerned with the general study of signs and symbols both in language and outside of it

literary theorists

Literary theorists study the use of language in artistic literature.


speech-language pathology


computer science



human anatomy





Historical Linguists

Ferdinand de Saussure (1857-1913, Swiss)

Ferdinand de Saussure (26 November 1857 – 22 February 1913) was a Swiss linguist whose ideas laid a foundation for many significant developments in linguistics in the 20th century. Saussure is widely considered to be one of the fathers of 20th-century linguistics, and his ideas have had a monumental impact on literary and cultural theory and interpretation.

Jacob Grimm (1785-1863, German)

Jacob Ludwig Carl Grimm (Hanau, January 4, 1785 – September 20, 1863 in Berlin), German philologist, jurist and mythologist, was born at Hanau, in Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel). He is best known as the discoverer of Grimm's Law, the author of the monumental German Dictionary, his Deutsche Mythologie and more popularly, as one of the Brothers Grimm, as the editor of Grimm's Fairy Tales.

Karl Verner (1846-1896, Danish)

Charles Sander Pierce (1839-1914, American)