Common Developmental Disorders affecting Deciduous Teeth

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Common Developmental Disorders affecting Deciduous Teeth by Mind Map: Common Developmental Disorders affecting Deciduous Teeth

1. Germination

1.1. Two teeth developed from one root

1.2. Causes

1.2.1. Hereditary

1.2.2. Abnormal odontogeny

1.3. Common location

1.3.1. Anterior maxillary teeth

1.4. Clinical Appearance

1.4.1. Bifid crown, each half is symmetrical

1.5. Roots

1.5.1. Single root and root canal

2. 4. Bell stage

2.1. Odontoma

2.1.1. Consist of COMPOUND: resembles a collection of small teeth

2.1.2. Treatment surgical removal. extraction hard tissue extraction teeth

2.2. Amelogenesis Imperfecta

2.2.1. Description Abnormal formation of the enamel or external layer of the crown of teeth,

2.2.2. Treatment Low in taking sugar Need orthodontic treatment, such as braces or appliances

3. 5. Apposition and maturation phase

3.1. Enamel Dysplasia

3.1.1. Description Faulty development of enamel from interference involving ameloblast

3.1.2. Causes Birth-related trauma Ectodermal dysplasia,Basan Type EEC Exposure to certain chemical Local infection Malnutrition Vitamin D -dependent ricket

3.1.3. Treatment For light cases : bleaching For serious cases : dentist will drill out the infected area and fill in the cavities

3.2. Enamel Pearl

3.2.1. Description Sphere of enamel on root

3.2.2. Causes Babies born to an older mother Infant born past their due date Infant born with a higher than average birth weight

3.2.3. Treatment Union of root structure of two or more teeth by cementum In the newborn babies: the dentist will rule out the prescence of natal teeth Scalling and root planning Periodontal pocket reduction

3.3. Concrescence

3.3.1. Description This case rarely occurs in deciduous teeth.

3.3.2. Causes Some cases which occurs in front teeth is caused by : - developmental - inflammation - the prescence of deep proximal carious lesion with involvement of the pulp and chronic periodontitis

3.3.3. Treatment Where tooth are symptomatic, endodontics and extraction are viable

4. 2. Bud stage

4.1. Macrodontia

4.1.1. abnormal large teeth

4.1.2. Causes splitting the enamel organ fusion of 2 adjacent tooth germs childhood race gender

4.1.3. Treatments palate expander braces/retainer teeth shaving teeth removal

4.2. Microdontia

4.2.1. abnormal small teeth

4.2.2. Causes hereditary factors pituitary dwarfism chemotherapy/radiation Down syndrome ectodermal dysplasia

4.2.3. Common tooth affected permanent lateral incisor permanent third molar

4.2.4. Effects esthetic spacing

4.2.5. Treatments restorative crown (lateral incisor) extraction (third molar) veneers composites

5. 3. Cap stage

5.1. Dens in Dente

5.1.1. The enamel organ invaginating into the dental papilla

5.1.2. Causes Infection Trauma Growth pressure of dental arches Rapid proliferation of IEE

5.1.3. Treatment Intentional replantation Root canal treatment Periapical surgery with retrogade filling Extraction

5.1.4. Common location Maxillary lateral incisors and canine

5.2. Fusion

5.2.1. Union of two adjacent tooth germs

5.2.2. Causes Physical force or pressure on the tooth area

5.2.3. Common location Anterior mandible teeth

5.2.4. Clinical Appearance

5.2.5. Roots Separate roots and root canals

6. 1. Initiation stage

6.1. Anodontia

6.1.1. Absence of single or multiple teeth

6.1.2. Caused by an inherited genetic defect usually associated with ectodermal dysplasia

6.1.3. Treatment Dentures Dental bridges Dental implants

6.2. Hyperdontia

6.2.1. Condition that causes too many teeth to grow in the mouth

6.2.2. Caused by associated with several with several hereditary conditions example: Gardner's syndrome and Ehlers-Danlos syndrome

6.2.3. Treatment For some cases hyperdontia does not need any treatment but the dentist will recommend to remove the extra teeth if you have these problems. Problems: cannot chew and brush properly, feel pain or discomfort, have an underlying genetic condition causin the extra teeth to appear.