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Genocide: a 'perfect storm' of social psychological variables by Mind Map: Genocide: a
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Genocide: a 'perfect storm' of social psychological variables

Deindividuation

Loss of identity within a group

Release from moral restraints

More willing to act on individual impulses

Release from individual responsibility and individual visibility to outside entities

Individuals willing to undertake tasks, even if against their own morals and values

Reduction to an 'inferior form of human evolution'

'Collective mind' takes control

Increase in usually inhibited behaviours

Loss of accountability

Decrease in self evaluation

Stereotyping

Over-generalisations

Positive or negative

Negative more durable

Racism or ethnic labelling (Hutu and Tutsi)

Generally accepted it originated from international colonisation within Rwanda (by Belgian intervention in particular)

Fundamental Attribution Error

cause aggression

Social Facilitation

Presence of others=

Arousal=, Dominant response increase=, If behaviour is deemed to be correct=, Performance increase, If behaviour is deemed incorrect=, Performance decrease

Greater performance capacity when others are present

Arises from a change in social consequence

Development of Ethnic Identities

Hutu

Considered 'subordinate' to both 'whites' and Tutsi's

Tutsi

Advanced by the Belgian colonialists economically and educationally

Scapegoating

Blame on 'outgroup'

Focus on negative attributes

Hostility and distortion

Discrediatation of 'outgroup'

Tutsi's must be punished as they threaten Hutu idenology

Propaganda, Extermination of the Tutsi's would be the 'cure' for the Hutu's, The Tutsi's seen as the cause of all Hutu problems

Creation of ID cards by Belgian colonialists to distinguish between Hutu's and Tutsi's

Sequence of Hostility

Predisposition (react to the propaganda)

Precipitation (e.g. actively collecting/providing weapons to fight), Automatic Reactions (e.g. actively using weapons which are collected/provided)