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Anxiety Disorders by Mind Map: Anxiety Disorders
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Anxiety Disorders

Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)

Global, persistent, chronic, and excessive apprehension

Panic Attacks and Panic Disorders

Panic Attack

sudden episode of extreme anxiety that rapidly escalates in intensity

Panic Disorder

panic attacks occur frequently and unexpectedly

Explanation, Possibly Genetic, Unusually sensitive to signs of physical arousal, People misinterpret physical signs of arousal as catastrophic and dangerous

Phobias

Strong/irrational fear of something

Not necessarily a psychological disorder

Agoraphobia

Fear of panic attacks in public places

More disabling than specific phobias, Avoid situations where a panic attack may be provoked, Avoid situations where they would be unable to escape should an attack occur

Social Phobia

Fear of social situations, Fear of being embarrased or failing in public significantly interferes with daily life

Explanation

Classical Conditioning, Becoming phobic of something due to a fearful situation you were once in

Operant conditioning, Reducing anxiety by avoiding the situation reinforces the phobia

Observational learning, learn to be phobic by observing fearful reactions of someone else who acts as a model

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

Long lasting anxiety disorder that develops in response to an extreme physical or psychological trama

Symptoms

Frequently recall the event

Avoid stimuli that trigger memories of the experience

Increased physical arousal associated with anxiety

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Life is dominated by repetitive thoughts and behaviors

Obsessions, repeated, intrusive, uncontrollable thoughts or mental images that cause the person great anxiety and distress

Compulsion, repetetive behavior that a person feels driven to perform

Explanations

A deficiency in the neurotransmitter serotonin has been implicated in obsessive-compulsive disorder

Dysfunction in specific brain areas