Sociocultural theory and English language teaching

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Sociocultural theory and English language teaching by Mind Map: Sociocultural theory and English language teaching

1. Develops

1.1. in the context of revolutionary russia (1993)

1.1.1. uses

1.1.1.1. principles of Marxism

1.2. cognitive development

1.2.1. using

1.2.1.1. tools and skills such as

1.2.1.1.1. writing

1.2.1.1.2. speech

1.2.1.1.3. social interactions

1.3. a culture of change

1.3.1. because of

1.3.1.1. technology

1.3.1.2. social media

1.3.1.3. globalization

2. Author

2.1. Lev Vygotsky

2.1.1. theory

2.1.1.1. is based on importance of culture in higher mental processes

2.2. objective

2.2.1. explain relationship

2.2.1.1. between

2.2.1.1.1. mental processes, cultural, historical and institutional settings

2.2.1.1.2. learning and teaching

2.3. analyze

2.3.1. higher psychological processes

2.3.1.1. cognitive development

2.3.1.1.1. occurs

2.3.1.2. development of learning and cognition

2.3.1.2.1. emerges from

3. Conceives

3.1. Learning: knowledge construction through experience and social interaction.

3.1.1. placing teaching

3.1.1.1. in a real environment where meaningful situations are performed.

4. Contributions

4.1. Sociocultural perspective

4.1.1. at birth

4.1.1.1. human beings possess elementary mental functions.

4.1.1.1.1. changes arise

5. Strategies

5.1. Scaffolding

5.1.1. provides

5.1.1.1. facilitating processes by teacher

5.1.1.1.1. Zone of Proximal Development

5.2. Problem solving

5.2.1. gradually

5.2.1.1. from simple to complex

6. Teacher rol

6.1. Teacher should look for strategies for students making an effort and provide solutions.

6.2. Provide opportunities to expand student's skills and knowledge

6.3. Modeling language

6.4. Mediated learning

6.5. Authentic, challenging and contextualized teaching and learning

6.6. Constructivist approach

7. Students rol

7.1. Teaching and learning centered on them and their needs

7.2. Active and manipulative:

7.2.1. involves students, so that they themselves interact and explore

7.3. Constructive and reflective:

7.3.1. to acquire new knowledge and accommodate it to previous knowledge, which leads to reflection on one's own learning

7.4. Intentional:

7.4.1. it is the student who sets goals to be achieved and also monitors them until they achieve their goals

7.5. Cooperative, collaborative and conversational:

7.5.1. interaction among students is needed to discuss problems, clarify doubts and share ideas

7.5.1.1. permanent dialogue between teacher and student as well as between peers