Online Mind Mapping and Brainstorming

Create your own awesome maps

Online Mind Mapping and Brainstorming

Even on the go

with our free apps for iPhone, iPad and Android

Get Started

Already have an account? Log In

Chapter 4: Gathering Useful Data for Examining Relationships by Mind Map: Chapter 4: Gathering Useful Data for Examining Relationships
5.0 stars - 1 reviews range from 0 to 5

Chapter 4: Gathering Useful Data for Examining Relationships

4.1 Speaking the Language of Research Studies

Cause-and-effect relationship: Does the changing one variable effect another?

Types of Research Studies

Observational Study or Randomized Experiment

Who Is Measured: Units, Subjects, Participants

Explanatory and Response Variables

Confounding Variables-Measured or Not

4.2 Designing a Good Experiment

Who Participants in Randomized Experiments?

Randomization: The Crucial Element

Control Groups, Placebos, & Blinding

Pairing and Blocking

Design Terminology and Examples

4.3 Designing a Good Observational Study

Types of Observational Studies

Advantages of Case-Control Studies

4.4 Difficulties & Disasters in Experiments & Observational Studies

Complications can occur when conducting studies. The following are some of the many complications that may occur:

Confounding Variables & the Implication of Causation in Observational Studies

Extending Results Inappropriately

Interacting Variables

Hawthorne & Experimenter Effects

Ecological Validity & Generalizability

Using the Past as a Source of Data