Language Acquisition

Language acquisition

Get Started. It's Free
or sign up with your email address
Language Acquisition by Mind Map: Language Acquisition

1. Theorists

1.1. Skinner

1.1.1. Skinner was a behaviorist. He believed: Children learn language based on behaviorist reinforcement principles by associating words with meanings. - Correct utterances are positively reinforced when the child realizes the communicative value of words and phrases. - Change in behavior is result in change in environment - Operant conditioning- is a method of learning that occurs through rewards and punishments for behavior

1.2. Vygotsky

1.2.1. Vygotsky was a sociocultural theorist. He believed that social interaction played a critical role in children's learning. Vygotsky discovered the zone of proximal development (ZPD). Zone of proximal development is where students learn the best. They just need a little bit of assistance to stretch their minds to understand the concept that is just a little harder than what they are used to.

1.3. Chomsky

1.3.1. Chomsky was an Innatist. - He believed all are born with innate knowledge of grammar that serves as the basis for all language acquisition. - Chomsky also argued language is a basic instinct

2. Theories

2.1. Behaviorist

2.1.1. A behaviorist is someone who believes learning is a process of 'conditioning' in an environment of stimulus, reward and punishment. Behaviorists believe that rewarding good language use or correct grammar will be increased if rewarded every time it is used properly.

2.2. Socio/culturalist

2.2.1. Socioculturalists believe that we learn from social interactions. Example: Vygotsky believes students learn best when working together in pairs or groups.

2.3. Innatist

2.3.1. Innatists believe that learning is natural. Students have a natural instinct to learn whether it be language or any other subject.

3. Language elements

3.1. Phonology

3.1.1. Phonology is the study of the sound system in a language. Examples include: syllable structure and sequence of sounds in a word.

3.2. Morphology

3.2.1. Morphology is the study of the structures of words. Example how book becomes books. The "s" made the meaning plural as in more that one book.

3.3. Syntax

3.3.1. Syntax is the rules for how words are combined to form sentences. It helps one understand the meaning of sentences. For example: 'Mom gave dad a book' vs. 'Dad gave mom a book' it helps clarify who was giving who the book.