Europe's Early Middle Ages

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Europe's Early Middle Ages by Mind Map: Europe's Early Middle Ages

1. The Mediterrean World

1.1. A good transportation route.

1.2. The two important early important civilizations: Greece&Rome.

1.2.1. They eagerly studied philosophy*.

1.2.1.1. the search for ideas, wisdom, knowledge.

1.2.2. Made great advances in art, architecture, drama, literature, medicine, and science.

1.3. Alexander the Great conquered many lands and spread Greek culture as far as India.

1.4. The Greek Empire fell to the Romans in 150 B.C.E.

1.5. The Romans admired the accomplishments of the Greeks.

1.5.1. The Romans borrowed Greek attitudes and learnings

2. The Romans

2.1. Adimired the achievements of the anciet greeks.

2.2. The city of Rome had been conquered by Goths( a Germanic people) in 410C.E..

2.2.1. Only its capital in Constantinople remained strong.

2.3. Great law makers.

2.3.1. A lot of Canadian laws are based on Roman laws.

2.4. Why did the Roman Empire fall?

2.4.1. They spent more money than should.

2.4.2. Diseases brought by soldiers.

2.5. The Germanic people were known as barbarians to the Romans and Greeks.

2.5.1. The Germanic people moved into Rome after the fall. others(Such as Goths(France), Britain, and Spain.

2.6. After the fall, many civilizations were lost

2.7. Western Europe fell into chaos

2.8. Pope LeoIII crowned Charlemagne Emperor of the Romans.

3. Charlemagne

3.1. He came to power in western Europe in 768C.E..

3.2. His father was Pepin the Short.

3.3. He ruled his empire from his palace

3.4. Very interested in rebuilding civiliazation.

3.5. He improved education.

3.6. He killed everyone who refused to Christianity.

3.6.1. He ordered his soldiers to kill about 4000 Saxons single day

3.7. A thoughtful ruler.

4. The Anglo-Saxon and The Celts

4.1. Today, in Britain, Celtic language and culture disappeared from seven kingdoms.

4.2. The Angles, Saxons, and Jutes drove out the native Celtic peoples after the fall of the Roman Empire.

4.3. They thought they were warriors.

4.4. They had skilled metal workers.

4.5. Alfred the Great- an early ruler

4.5.1. Lost many battles with the Vikings.

4.6. They were farmers.

5. The Vikings

5.1. A Viking force attacked and plundered Paris in the year 855.

5.2. Vikings were everywhere.

5.3. They beagan to settle in lands such as England and France.

5.4. Horrible raids.

5.4.1. Attacked at dawns.

5.4.2. Travelled in long ships.

5.4.3. They were so horrible that many monarchs paid money to ask them to go away.

5.4.4. Only Charlemagne and Alfred the Great coulf fight them.

5.5. Vikibng life was not all wars.

5.5.1. They were also farmers&fishers.

5.5.2. They lived close to sea.

5.5.2.1. Women could own property. They could even dicorce with their husbands.

5.5.3. They came from Scandinavia.

5.6. Men and women had equal rights.

5.7. The Viking Age ended in eleventh century.

5.8. They were Christians.

6. The Franks

6.1. The Franks conquered much of the province of Gaul(France) in the late fourth century and early fifth century.

6.2. The Merovingian royal family ruled for almost three hundred years.

6.3. "Frank" means free.

6.4. The most successful ruler in this family is Clovis I, reigned from 481 to 511C.E..

6.4.1. After his death, the kingdom divided to his children

6.5. They were great law makers as well.

6.6. The religion: christianity.

6.7. They were farmers.