Theoretical Perspectives

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Theoretical Perspectives by Mind Map: Theoretical Perspectives

1. Nativist Perspective

1.1. Nativist emphasizes that we are born with the ability to develop language. They believe that language is an instinct not something that is made.

1.2. The major theorist is Linguist Noam Chomsky.

1.3. This perspective focuses on Syntactic Knowledge.

1.3.1. Syntactic knowledge is the word order and the way phrases and sentences are put together.

1.3.2. Nativist focus on nature not nurture.

2. Interactionist Perspective

2.1. It's main focus is on the society's interaction with the child's language development.

2.2. Language development is brought on by the child's need to function in society and the need to communicate with those around them.

2.3. Vygotsky is the theorist for interactionist perspective.

2.4. This perspective is built off of each of the other perspectives. Behaviorist perspective that the environment and their responses to a child's language plays a role in their development. Nativist for the human capacity for processing linguistic information. The cognitive perspective for the fact that language development is influenced by nature and depends on cognitve development.

2.5. Society and the people in a child's environment influence how the child talks, what language, and how it develops.

3. Notes

4. Schedule

4.1. Project Start

4.1.1. Project specifications

4.1.2. End User requirements

4.1.3. Action points sign-off

4.2. Development Stage 1

4.2.1. Define actions as necessary

4.3. Development Stage 2

5. Cognitive Developmental Perspective

5.1. Theorist Jean Piaget

5.1.1. Language is acquired as maturation occurs and cognitive competencies develop. (Otto, 2010)

5.1.2. The perspective states that you must have cognitive development in order to learn language.

5.1.3. The first stage of cognitive development is the sensorimotor stage where children are prelinguistic. A child's language begins with object permancence where a child knows that something exists even when out of site.

5.1.4. The second stage is the preoperational stage where children start to see words, images and drawings and connecting them to objects.

5.2. Because the cognitive developmentalist perspective focuses on the development of schemata and the manipulation of symbols, it contributes to our understanding of how semantic, syntactic, and morphemic knowledge are acquired. (Otto,2010)

5.3. Focuses on nature not nurture.

6. Behaviorist Perspective

6.1. Emphasizes the role of nurture and considers learning to occur based on stimuli, responses, and reinforcements that occur in the environment. (Otto,2010)

6.1.1. Children imitate and repeat what others say around them. They see how words are formed and how people say words and form the words with their mouths and pick up on language.

6.1.2. Children can learn language development through verbal and nonverbal communication. Language is taught to a child throughout life, by the things people say and reinforcement that they give.

6.2. A child is born with a blank slate and they learn through interactions that are in their environment.

6.2.1. Schedule

6.2.2. Budget

6.3. Children need positive reinforcement to learn language development.

6.3.1. KPI's

7. Timeline

7.1. Schedule

7.2. Budget

7.3. Resources

7.4. Delays