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Asthma by Mind Map: Asthma
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Asthma

Asthma is a common chronic inflammatory disease of the airways characterized by variable and recurring symptoms, reversible airflow obstruction, and bronchospasm. Common symptoms include wheezing, coughing, chest tightness, and shortness of breath. Asthma is thought to be caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Its diagnosis is usually based on the pattern of symptoms, response to therapy over time, and spirometry. It is clinically classified according to the frequency of symptoms, forced expiratory volume in one second, and peak expiratory flow rate. Asthma may also be classified as atopic or non-atopic where atopy refers to a predisposition toward developing type 1 hypersensitivity reactions. Treatment of acute symptoms is usually with an inhaled short-acting beta-2 agonist and oral corticosteroids. In very severe cases, intravenous corticosteroids, magnesium sulfate, and hospitalization may be required. Symptoms can be prevented by avoiding triggers, such as allergens and irritants, and by the use of inhaled corticosteroids. Long-acting beta agonists or leukotriene antagonists may be used in addition to inhaled corticosteroids if asthma symptoms remain uncontrolled. The prevalence of asthma has increased significantly since the 1970s. In 2011, 235–300 million people globally have been diagnosed with asthma, and it caused 250,000 deaths.

Safety net practice-based research network

METHOD: asthma kits, educational materials, peak flow meters for patients, training for staff, templates for practice-level systems

Exposure

What exposure factors contribute to the prevalence of asthma?

Individual level

Population level

Intervention

Personal asthma management

At school

Increasing Compliance

Media Alerts

The media engagement framework is a strategic construct used by marketing professionals to understand the behavior of social media marketing-based audiences. The media engagement framework consists of the definitions of personas (Individuals, Consumers and Influencers), referenced by the competitive set or constraint that applies to that persona and the measurement framework that might be applied to those personas. It is referenced first at the center of the marketing process diagram, surrounded by the marketing functions of strategy, tactics, metrics and ROI. The marketing process diagram describes how the media engagement framework can apply to any strategic marketing activity but was developed to establish a completely integrated framework describing how both traditional and social media marketing activities can be planned, executed, measured and improved. The media engagement framework provides a strategic planning construct in which measurements and metrics play a crucial role...

Hospital

The goal in this approach is to reduce hospital readmissions

Community

Omalizumab

Study showed the drug improved asthma control

Microbial Manipulation

Inducing maturation of immune function to develop defense against viral infection and to prevent allergic sensitization

Educational Programmes

12 week Disease Management Program

Asthama Drug Fund

High quality generic drugs

Indoor

Descriptive

Intervention

Outdoor

Tools for Measurement

Geographical Information Systems

Use of Spirometers and other equipments

Use of questionnaires, interviews, etc.

hospital admissions

Population

Decrease the burden of asthma at a wide level while minimizing cost

Legislation and Policy

Social Practice

Education in level of the community

Education for health care providers

asthma listed as a significant cause of death

Other factors affecting Asthma

Sex

Age

education

Recommendation Compliance