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If a Roman soldier was a biscuit, what type of biscuit would they be? by Mind Map: If a Roman soldier was a biscuit, what type of biscuit would they be?
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If a Roman soldier was a biscuit, what type of biscuit would they be?

Types of Roman Soldier

Accensus - a reservist or light legionary soldier.

Acceptarius - a discharged soldier.

Actarius - a military or camp clerk.

Adiutor - a camp or headquarters adjutant or assistant.

Aenator - military musician such as a bugler

Agrimensor land surveyor

Aquilifer - carried the Roman Eagle

Alaris - Cavalry

Architecti - an engineer or artillery constructor.

Armicustos - a soldier tasked with the administration and supply of weapons and equipment. A quartermaster.

Ballistarius - an artillery operator

Beneficiarius - a soldier performing an extraordinary task such as military policing or a special assignment.

Bucinator - a trumpeteer or bugler

Capsarior - a medical orderly.

Causarius - a soldier discharged for wounds or other medical reasons.

Centurion - officer rank, generally one per century, in charge of century.

Clinicus - a medic.

Cornicen - bugler

Doctor - a trainer, subdivisions for everything from weapons to hornblowing

Draconarius - Roman cavalry standard bearer

Decurion - leads a troop of cavalry (14-30 men). Often confused with decanus.

Decanus - leads a contubernium (a legionary tent group of 8 men)

Dux - a general in charge of two or more legions

Evocatus - soldiers in the Roman army, who had served out their time and obtained their discharge (missio), but had voluntarily enlisted again at the invitation of the consul or other commander

Hastatus - the youngest of the heavy infantry in the Pre-Marian armies, who were less well-equipped than the older Principes and Triarii. These formed the first line of battle in front of the Principes.

Hastatus Prior - a centurion commanding a manipulus of hastati. A high-ranking officer within a manipuli

Hastatus Posterior - a deputy to the hastatus prior

Hastiliarius - a weapons instructor.

Imaginifer - A standard-bearer carrying the imago - the standard which bore a likeness of the emperor, and, at later dates, his family.

Immunes - those soldiers of the military of ancient Rome who were "immune" from combat duty and fatigues through having a more specialist role within the army

Legatus - general in the Roman army; literally the "deputy" of the emperor, who was the titular commander-in-chief

Legionary - the heavy infantry that was the basic military unit of the ancient Roman army in the period of the late Roman Republic and the Roman Empire

Medicus - physician or combat medic. Specializations included surgery (medicus vulnerarius), ophthalmology (medicus ocularius) and even veterinary (medicus veterinarius). At least some held rank equivalent to a centurion.

Miles or Miles Gregarius - The basic private level foot soldier

Optio - One per century as second-in-command to the centurion. Could also fill several other specialized roles on an ad hoc basis.

Pedites - the infantry of the early army of the Roman kingdom. The majority of the army in this period.

Peditatus - a term referring to any infantryman in the Roman Empire

Pilus Prior - The commander of the first century of each cohort.

Pilus Posterior - Deputy to the pilus prior

Praefectus Castrorum - camp prefect, third-in-command of the legion, also responsible for maintaining the camp, equipment and supplies. Usually a former primus pilus.

Praetorians - a special force of bodyguards used by Roman Emperors

Primus Pilus - (literally 'first file', not spear) the commanding centurion of the first cohort and the senior centurion of the entire Legion

Princeps - Pre-Marian soldier, initially equipped with the Hasta spear but later adopted the Gladius, these men formed the second line of battle behind the Hastati in the Pre-Marian armies. They were also chieftains in Briton like Dumnorix of the Regneses (he was killed by Gaius Salvius Liberalis' soldiers)

Princeps Posterior - a deputy to the princeps prior

Principales - a group of ranks, including aquilifer, signifer, optio and tesserarius. Similar to modern NCOs.

Protectores Augusti Nostri (aka Protectores Divini Lateris) honorific title for senior officers singled out for their loyalty to the Emperor and soldierly qualities. Constitute an Order of Honour rather than a military unit. First appears in mid-Third Century AD

Quaestionarius - an interrogator or torturer.

Retentus - a soldier kept in service after serving required term

Rorarii - the final line, or reserve, in the ancient pre-Marius Roman army. These were removed even before the reforms as the Triarii provided a very sturdy anchor

Sagittarii - archers, including horse-riding auxiliary archers recruited mainly in the Eastern Empire and Africa

Salararius - a soldier enjoying special service conditions or hired as a mercenary.

Scholae Palatinae - an elite troop of soldiers in the Roman army created by the Emperor Constantine the Great to provide personal protection of the Emperor and his immediate family

Scorpionarius - an artilleryman operating a scorpio artillery piece

Signifer - Standard bearer of the Roman Legion

Socii - Conscripts

Speculatores and Exploratores - the scouts and reconnaissance element of the Roman army

Supernumerarii - a kind of supernumerary soldier who served to fill the places of those who were killed or disabled by their wounds

Tablifer - A guard cavalry standard-bearer

Tesserarius - guard commander, one per century

Triarius - Triarii were spearmen of the Pre-Marian armies equipped with the Hasta and formed the third line of battle behind the Principes

Tribuni militum angusticlavii or military tribune

Tribunus militum laticlavius - military tribune of senatorial rank. Second in command of a legion. Appointments to this rank seem to have ceased during the sole reign of Gallienus as part of a policy of excluding senators from military commands.

Velites - a class of light infantry in the army of the Roman Republic

Venator - a hunter (a type of immunes)

Vexillarius - a standard-bearer (carried the Vexillum)

Types of Biscuit