Belief and Opinion August 2nd, 2009

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Belief and Opinion August 2nd, 2009 by Mind Map: Belief and Opinion August 2nd, 2009

1. Phrases for expressing opinion

1.1. In my opinion/In my view

1.1.1. In my view / In my opinion we haven't made any progress

1.2. to my mind

1.2.1. She's made a big mistake, to my mind

1.3. If you ask me

1.3.1. If you ask me, he ought to change his job

1.4. From sb's point of view

1.4.1. From a teacher's point of view, the new examinations are a disaster.

2. Beliefs

2.1. Ideologies

2.1.1. form of government monarchy Constitutional monarchy the abolition of monarchy democracy The People's democracy Parliamentary democracy Social democracy republic The Federal republic The People's republic The People's democratic republic theocracy An Islam theocratic system theocratic rule religious leader priest feudalism the feudal system feudal society

2.1.2. economic system socialism scientific socialism socialist economy socialist party communism marxism communist party communist regime capitalism capitalist economy fascism fascist regime fascist ideology

2.1.3. political spectrum Left-wing leftism communism liberalism centrism Right-wing rightism Conservative fascism capitalism right-wing opinions / policies / views

2.2. Philosophies

2.2.1. metaphysics

2.2.2. epistemology skepticism truth <-> belief <-> justification

2.2.3. ethics /moral philosophy normative ethics applied ethics

2.2.4. political philosophy individuals <-> communitys justice, the good, law, property the rights and the obligations citizen

2.2.5. aesthetics beauty art enjoyment sensory-emotional values / perception taste and sentiment

2.2.6. logic premises -> conclusions

2.2.7. philosophy of mind

2.2.8. philosophy of language

2.2.9. philosophy of religion

2.3. Convictions

2.3.1. religious types Christianity Islam Buddhism Hinduism Atheism Judaism

2.3.2. moral pacifist

3. Verbs

3.1. Convince

3.1.1. to make someone feel certain that something is true. convince sb that The experience convinced him that Europe was on the brink of a revolution. to be convinced that I was convinced that we were doing the right thing sb or sth convince sb of sth You'll need to convince them of your enthusiasm for the job

3.1.2. persuade someone to do something convince sb to do sth he convinced her to go ahead

3.2. hold

3.2.1. to have a particular opinion or belief be widely/generally/commonly held This view is not widely held. be held to be sth She was held to be one of the most talented actors of her time. hold that The judge held that the child's interests in this case must come first.

3.3. maintain

3.3.1. to strongly express your belief that something is true. maintain (that) Critics maintain that these reforms will lead to a decline in educational standards.

3.4. feel

3.4.1. to have a particular opinion, especially one that is based on your feelings, not on facts. feel (that) Some of the parents felt the school wasn't doing enough about bullying. feel about How would you feel about working with Nicole for a while? feel sure/certain She felt sure she'd made the right decision

3.5. Suppose

3.5.1. I suppose used to say you think something is true, although you are uncertain about it I suppose (that) used when agreeing to let someone do something, especially when you do not really want to. I suppose so used when saying in an angry way that you expect something is true. I suppose (that) used to say that you think that something is probably true, although you wish it was not and hope someone will tell you it is not I suppose (that) used when guessing that something is true She looked about 50, I suppose.

3.5.2. I don't suppose (that) used to ask a question in an indirect way, especially if you think the answer will be 'no' I don't suppose you have any idea where my address book is, do you? used to ask for something in a very polite way. I don't suppose you'd give me a lift to the station? used to say that you think it is unlikely something will happen I don't suppose I'll ever see her again.

3.6. Doubt

3.6.1. doubt (v) to think that something may not be true or that it is unlikely doubt something doubt that doubt whether/if to not trust sb/sth; to not believe sb doubt sb/sth doubt whether/if

3.6.2. doubt (n) a feeling of being not sure whether something is true or right doubt about doubt as to whether/what etc no doubt used when you are saying that you think something is probably true be in doubt if something is in doubt, it may not happen, continue, exist, or be true beyond doubt if something is beyond doubt, it is completely certain

3.7. Suspect

3.7.1. to think that something is probably true, especially something bad suspect (that) She strongly suspected he was lying to her.

3.7.2. to think that something bad has happened or is happening The doctors suspected pneumonia. suspect murder/foul play The position of the body led the police to suspect murder. suspect sth/nothing/anything He never suspected anything.

3.7.3. to think that someone is probably guilty of a crime suspect sb of (doing) sth He's suspected of murder

4. Prepositions used with belief and opinion words

4.1. view on

4.1.1. What are your views on divorce?

4.2. think of

4.2.1. What do you think of the new boss?

4.3. believe in

4.3.1. Do you believe in god?

4.4. in favor of/ opposed to

4.4.1. I'm in favor of / opposed to long prison sentences.

5. Adjectives

5.1. fanatical

5.1.1. fanatic (n) =Extremist someone who has extreme political or religious ideas and is often dangerous a religious fanatic =Enthusiast someone who likes a particular thing or activity very much a fitness fanatic

5.1.2. fanatic (n) - fanatical (adj) - fanatically (adv)

5.2. Obsessive

5.2.1. thinking or worrying about something all the time, so that you do not think about other things enough - used to show disapproval an obsessive concern with cleanliness and order obsessive about (doing) sth Williams is obsessive about motor racing

5.2.2. obsessive (n) - obsessive (adj) - obsessively (adv)

5.3. Eccentric

5.3.1. considered by other people to be strange or unusual eccentric behaviour / clothes His eccentric behaviour lost him his job.

5.3.2. eccentric (n) someone who behaves in a way that is different from what is usual or socially accepted Most people considered him a harmless eccentric

5.3.3. eccentric (n) - eccentric (adj) - eccentrically (adv)

5.4. odd

5.4.1. different from what is normal or expected, especially in a way that you disapprove of or cannot understand It was an odd thing to say it is/seems odd (that) It seemed odd that he wanted a picture of me

5.4.2. oddness (n) - odd (adj) - oddly (adv)

5.5. conservative

5.5.1. opposed to great or sudden social change; showing that you prefer traditional styles and values conservative views / tastes the conservative views of his parents music which is accessible to an audience with extremely conservative tastes

5.5.2. (of an estimate) lower than what is probably the real amount or number a conservative estimate/guess At a conservative estimate, he'll be earning £40 000 conservatively (adv)

5.5.3. conservative(n) - conservative (adj) - conservatively (adv)

5.6. traditional

5.6.1. being part of the traditions of a country or group of people traditional Italian cooking it is traditional (for sb) to do sth It is traditional not to eat meat on Good Friday

5.6.2. following ideas and methods that have existed for a long time, rather than doing anything new or different a traditional view traditional family values

5.6.3. tradition(n) - traditional (adj) - conservatively (adv)

5.7. middle of the road

5.7.1. Pursuing a course of action midway between extremes, especially following a course in politics that is neither liberal nor conservative

5.7.2. middle of the roader = centrist = moderate = moderationist a person who takes a position in the political center

5.8. radical

5.8.1. radical ideas are very new and different, and are against what most people think or believe a radical idea/ view / approach I was shocked by her radical views

5.8.2. a radical change or difference is very big and important a radical change / difference a radical reform of the tax system

5.8.3. radical(n) - radical (adj) - radically (adv)

5.9. revolutionary

5.9.1. involving a great or complete change revolutionary breakthrough / idea / concept I was shocked by her radical views

5.9.2. Revolutionary activities, organizations, or people have the aim of causing a political revolution a revolutionary leader / movement / uprising the Cuban revolutionary leader, Jose Marti.

5.9.3. revolutionary (n) a person who starts or supports a revolution, especially a political one socialist / student revolutionaries

5.10. dedicated

5.10.1. working hard at sth because it is very important to you dedicated to sth She is dedicated to her job. a dedicated and thoughtful teacher

5.10.2. dedicate(v) to give all your attention and effort to one particular thing dedicate yourself/your life to sth to say at the beginning of a book or film, or before a piece of music, that it has been written, made, or performed for someone that you love or respect dedicate sth to sb to use a place, time, money etc only for a particular purpose dedicate sth to/for sth

5.10.3. dedicate(v) - dedicated (adj) - dedication(n)

5.11. firm

5.11.1. not likely to change firm beliefs / conclusions / convictions / principles a firm believer in socialism a firm agreement / date / decision / promise a firm favourite with a firm offer (=offered to pay a particular amount) on firm friends (=close friends)

5.12. strong

5.12.1. strong emotions, opinions, beliefs etc are ones that you feel or believe a lot and are very serious about a strong sense of He had a strong sense of responsibility to his vocation of preaching strong support for / opposition to the government strong feelings/views/opinions Many people have strong feelings about the issue