Laughter Out of Place Part 3

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Laughter Out of Place Part 3 by Mind Map: Laughter Out of Place Part 3

1. No Time for Childhood

1.1. Goldstein visits Gloria's oldest son in prison and learns his views on many things.

1.1.1. His view of women is that if they're going to have sex, they need to practice birth control, that the man doesn't have to do anything but put food on the table.

1.1.2. If a man does his "job" then he is allowed to have as many women as he wants.

1.1.3. Finds out while he's in prison that a women he slept with is pregnant with his child. She wants to have it aborted and he tells her that if she kills his child, he'll kill her when he gets out.

1.1.4. His friend Adhmar tries to take advantage of her during the night and she threatens to wake Gloria up if she wasn't shown more respect.

1.1.4.1. Gloria was initially furious but over the years began to find it amusing that even hardened criminals feared her reputation.

1.1.5. He didn't find it worth it doing "honest work" and receiving slave wages, so he turned to the street and to criminal activity.

1.1.5.1. His rejection of "honest work" is a recognition of the fact that those in his class will never achieve "the good life."

1.1.5.1.1. 1995: Gloria's oldest son is released from prison and thereafter, shortly killed.

1.2. "Street children" are the result of the cruelty of institutions like FUNABEM and FEBEM that housed them.

1.2.1. These children are usually the ones who are trying to gather income for their impoverished parents and, as a result, get taken advantage of by street gangs.

1.2.2. Difference between nurtured children and nurturing children.

1.2.2.1. Nurtured children are those in the middle class that have been coddled.

1.2.2.2. Nurturing children are those that have been helping their parents survive since they were old enough to do so. They are not coddled, but treated more like adults.

1.2.3. Mirelli's and Lucas's stories.

1.2.4. Gloria's daughter Filomena has a physical fight with a cousin, tells her mother she "never liked her," and is cast out onto the streets.

1.2.4.1. Not the first to be thrown out, the first was her other daughter Fernanda who was sending love notes to Gloria's lover at the time.

1.2.4.2. Gloria considers Filomena (who was 15 at the time of the altercation that lead to her cast off) to be an adult who should know better than to bring the violence from the street into their home.

2. State Terror, Gangs and Everyday Violence

2.1. Adilson's murder introduces the threat of gang violence and the silence people employ to try and prevent more of it from happening.

2.1.1. Felicidade Eterna has cycles of calm and violence.

2.1.1.1. They experience more violence that those in the middle and upper classes. As a result, they are forced to accept paradoxical solutions.

2.1.1.2. Early 1990s: Dilmar and four other young men are the gang in charge of the area.

2.1.1.2.1. Dilmar not necessarily more financially stable due to his position as a gang leader, lives in a shack as bare as Gloria's.

2.1.1.2.2. Residents recognize the importance of having a local gang.

2.1.1.2.3. 1994: Dilmar is murdered by his four other gang members, who then fled because they feared they'd be marked for death by the police that were loyal to him.

2.1.1.3. Gangs thrive off of drug sales and use by the lower, middle and upper classes.

2.1.1.4. Police use this knowledge as an excuse to use more force in this area.

2.1.1.4.1. Lulu and Ivo.

2.2. "Police bandits" used by residents to describe their inability to escape the violence of their world.

2.2.1. Police view the poor as criminals; the worker who is poor sees the police as a group that's in league with criminals and, therefore, criminals by association.

2.2.1.1. There are police who are bandits and police who are simply police. The trick is deciphering which is which.