Online Mind Mapping and Brainstorming

Create your own awesome maps

Online Mind Mapping and Brainstorming

Even on the go

with our free apps for iPhone, iPad and Android

Get Started

Already have an account? Log In

DEMOCRACY slideshow by Mind Map: DEMOCRACY  slideshow
0.0 stars - reviews range from 0 to 5

DEMOCRACY slideshow

Democracy does not ensure good governance. It ensures a 'platform' for good governance. A DEMOCRACY IS ONLY AS GOOD AS ITS PARTICIPANTS - You and me.

The fact you can express dissatisfaction with your democratic government is proof that democracy is better than other forms where expression of dissatisfaction may lead to punishments either mild(warning) or harsh (imprisonment, exile or even death).

JUSTIFICATION - Why Democracy? Why not other forms of government?

Instrumental reasons

Intrinsic reasons

People sometimes say, 'I wish we had a king!' If we were to have a king, it would be on the assumption that the king would be all wise and all good. It would be about what the king thought of as good of the people. What about the wishes of the people?And what about his heir? Would he/she be just as good?


Procedural Democracy

Substantive Democracy



Since direct democracy is not possible in large & complex societies, people take part indirectly in government through electing representatives. Representative Government is government authorized to act on behalf of people. (Hobbes & Locke) Representative government based on majority is the closest to democracy.


1. Participation of every individual citizen in political decision making. 2. Relationship between citizens is one of interdependence and citizens are viewed collectively as sovereign. 3. Not only used in decision making, but also for protecting private interests & good governance. 4. Participation of citizens has an educative function 5. Fosters active citizenship & public-spirited character (Individuals take public interest into account and take decision for common good rather that selfish interest.) 6. Political institutions - school of political capacity In large societies, direct democracy is not possible. But in a strong democracy, the government must get the citizen more involved than in representative democracy by the following means: - strengthen local democracy- involve citizens in community affairs- social movements- civil education leads to a more active and politically engaged citizenry.


Deliberative Democracy values open & public deliberation of issues of common concern.- Assumes that individuals are free persons whose relationships have no clash or difference of opinion.- People influence one another through reasoned argument and persuasion.- Unlike direct democracy which requires people to be constantly engaged in decision-making, there is clear political division of labour between citizens & professional politicians.


Cosmopolitan Democracy: Global governance.- Political interaction of transnational actors that solve problems affecting more than one country/region.- Decisions are made by citizens who are affected by them without a single hierarchical form of authority.- Global governance without world government.For ex: Environmental movement, Feminism etc.


Democracy IS

Is democracy the perfect form of governance?

No one pretends that democracy is perfect or all-wise. Indeed, it has been said that democracy is the worst form of government except all those other forms that have been tried from time to time - Winston Churchill There is no such thing as the "perfect form of government", but any other form has shown less desirable outcomes. No other form of government has been invented that administers a nation better than democracy.


Non-democratic rulers do not have to be concerned about deliberation in assemblies, majorities or public opinion. So, they can be very quick and efficient in decision-making and implementation. Democracy, however, is based on the idea of deliberation and negotiation. So, some delay is bound to take place. But it takes into consideration the will of the people. Decisions made democratically are more acceptable to the people and therefore more effective. So the cost of time that democracy pays is perhaps worth it.

Accountability and Transparency

The various laws, constitutional provisions, and internal regulations found in most democracies reflect the idea that those who work for the government, whether appointed, elected, or hired, owe a high level of accountability to the public. Accountability means that an individual should be able to explain and answer for their actions and may be legally obliged to do so. Transparency requires that the decisions and actions of those in government are open to the public and that the public has a right to access such information. We can see the proceedings of our Legislative houses on Live TV or get information from their websites. Moreover, our free press enables us to receive information about the actions and decisions of our elected representatives. In India, we have provisions like the RTI act that enables citizens to hold their elected representatives accountable and transparent. Non-democratic governments like dictatorships have no such protections or safeguards. Leaders in a dictatorship do not have the same incentives as leaders in a democracy to avoid violating the law and abusing power to their own advantage.


Democratic governments are legitimate because they are elected by the people. They are not inherited like a monarchy or taken by force like a military dictatorship. They are legitimate because the elected government abides by democratic principles in governing, and thus is legally accountable to its people.


Corruption certainly exists in democratic governments at all levels. However, non-democratic governments are not less corrupt either.

Economic growth

Data for the fifty years between 1950 and 2000 suggests that dictatorships have slightly higher economic growth. In most of the democracies, the economic growth is negligibly slower. But there are many democratic countries that are among the economic superpowers of the world. This shows that economic growth does not depend on the form of government only. Other factors also decide the trend of economic growth; like population size, global situation, cooperation from other countries, economic priorities of the country, etc. When we look at several other positive outcomes; along with a reasonable economic growth; then democracy is always better than dictatorship.

Economic Inequality

Increasing economic inequality is one of the problems faced by most democracies. Wealth concentrated in a very few people has translated into political power in the few and a misuse of that power. Rich people and big companies have more political influence. Democracies have to work towards better redistributive policies that lessen the gap between the rich and the poor

Social Diversity

No society can fully and permanently resolve conflicts among different groups. Non-democratic regimes ignore or suppress internal social differences. The ability to handle social differences, divisions and conflicts is an advantage of democratic governments. Democracy is not simply rule by majority opinion. The majority always needs to work with the minority so that governments function to represent the general view. It is also necessary that rule by majority does not become rule by majority community in terms of religion or race or linguistic group, etc. Rule by majority means that in case of every decision or in case of every election, different persons and groups may and can form a majority. Democracy remains democracy only as long as every citizen has a chance of being in majority at some point of time.

Dignity and Freedom

Dignity and freedom of the individual are the basis of democracy, as least in principle Even though women or people of lower castes are treated unequally, they have a legal basis to fight against inequality or ill treatment, because the principle of equality is recognised in a democracy. In a non-democratic government, such oppressed sections do not even have the legal basis to protest against it.

External Link - Click on icon to view external link. Click on link to go to an external website

Notes. Click on icon to read notes. If the note is long, scroll up and down or sideways.

This is the notes for this topic. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, choro consetetur scribentur pro ut, dico fastidii ad pri. Sit magna mediocrem moderatius in, diam aliquam his an. Graece commune convenire id eum, amet molestiae dissentiet ut sit. Vix soluta deserunt sapientem et, invenire disputando no has, his in dolorem gubergren. Tation invidunt oporteat te nec, prima hendrerit ei eam. Et usu vide idque voluptatibus. Tollit appetere ea usu, quo eu dicunt ornatus. Cu has appetere torquatos, stet assentior et ius. Solet eligendi omittantur pro te. Ex est omnesque assentior. Nihil offendit lucilius an vis, mandamus voluptatibus eu pro. Mei ne nonumes tincidunt honestatis, posse facilisi pro at, in nostrum electram sea. Dolore scriptorem cum ei, prima labores salutandi nam et, vis integre lobortis omittantur at. Idque nihil ex qui, eam purto dolore democritum te. Eum et posse reprehendunt, inani definitiones no est, nam ne doming dictas. Te assum scribentur conclusionemque sed, pro nostro utroque at, pro in ullum saepe laudem. In graece melius explicari has, cetero suavitate iudicabit sed ne, ut pri odio omnes populo. Nam id explicari posidonium. Dolor laboramus concludaturque cu usu. Nominati iracundia honestatis no sit. At nam eros signiferumque, ut cum integre fabulas. Ne rebum nonumes eam. Eum an brute timeam, te vim aliquam nominati reprimique. Qui exerci mediocritatem et, et summo officiis nec. Pro no homero timeam moderatius. His ea veri molestiae dissentias, dicta commune eligendi eam ei, in eum petentium reformidans. Usu aliquam minimum ex, et pri debet iusto melius, ei usu timeam mnesarchum persequeris. No ius molestiae rationibus theophrastus, eu quem mediocrem sed, fierent salutatus principes in est. Et eam zril soleat aliquid, vis oportere euripidis ex, mea an voluptatum inciderint. Te dicant interpretaris vix, ius illud verear sanctus cu. Veri paulo ex vim.

Attachment. Click on icon to view image. Click on the image to view enlarged image.