Literature Review - categories and sub-sets

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Literature Review - categories and sub-sets by Mind Map: Literature Review - categories and sub-sets

1. Product Life-Cycle

1.1. Procurement (IPR)

1.2. Production

1.3. Distribution

1.4. Recycling & Disposal

2. Policies & Best Practices

2.1. Government

2.1.1. GDP

2.1.2. Tax Incentives

2.1.3. Certifications

2.1.4. Energy Pricing (Outside of Scope)

2.1.5. Emissions Trading Scheme (US?)

2.2. Independent Organizations

2.3. Companies & CSR

3. IT Developments & Trends

3.1. New Technology Development

3.1.1. Monitoring Systems

3.2. Accessibility (Out of Scope)

3.2.1. Infrastructure Requirements

3.2.2. Developing Countries

3.3. Awareness

3.3.1. Web 2.0 / Internet

3.3.2. Perception (Consumer vs. Executive)

3.3.3. Behavioural Changes

3.3.4. Labeling & Certifications

4. Economy

4.1. Job Creation

4.2. Business Opportunities

4.3. Standard of Living

4.4. Spending

4.5. Market Intricacy (Globalization)

5. Business Models

5.1. Business Processes

5.2. Departmental Accountability

5.2.1. Key Performance Indicators

5.2.2. Energy Performance

5.3. Regulation Adherence

5.4. Business Reputation

5.4.1. Brand

5.4.2. Marketing

5.5. Commitment

5.5.1. Top-Down

5.5.2. Budgets

5.5.3. Company Values

5.6. Mergers & Acquisitions

5.7. Collaboration

5.7.1. Client Relationship Management (Partner Relationship)

6. Methodological Review

6.1. Research Data

6.1.1. Secondary Data

6.1.1.1. External

6.1.1.1.1. Authenticity

6.1.1.1.2. Published Material

6.1.1.1.3. Online

6.1.1.1.4. Library

6.1.1.1.5. Social / Professional Networking

6.1.1.2. Internal (Organization)

6.1.1.2.1. Access Limitations

6.1.1.2.2. Non-disclosure Agreements

6.1.1.2.3. Permission / Copyright Issues

6.1.2. Primary Data

6.1.2.1. Qualitative

6.1.2.1.1. Company Interview

6.1.2.1.2. Focus Groups

6.1.2.2. Quantitative

6.1.2.2.1. Limited access to relevant people

6.1.2.2.2. Too time consuming

6.1.2.2.3. Geographical Location Issues

6.1.2.2.4. Money Constrains

6.2. Collaboration

6.2.1. Online Calendar, Groups, Document Sharing

6.2.2. Skype

6.2.3. Email

6.2.4. XML - Reference Sharing

6.2.5. MindMaster - Idea Sharing

6.2.6. Weekly student meetings

6.2.6.1. Record Meeting Minutes

6.2.6.2. Agenda Discussion

6.2.6.3. Milestone Discussion

6.2.6.4. Raising Issues / Urgency

6.2.6.5. Planning & Projecting (Timeline)

6.2.7. Academic Advisor

6.2.7.1. Emails

6.2.7.2. Sharing links to documents, resources, ideas, mindmaps, ...

6.3. Objectives

6.3.1. Understanding Issues

6.3.2. Explore pre-requisites

6.3.3. Prove / Disprove claims and role of Green IT

6.4. Motivation

6.4.1. Work Experience

6.4.2. Personal Interest

6.4.3. Voluntary Work

7. Energy Concerns

7.1. Energy Sourcing

7.1.1. Oceanic

7.1.2. Hydro

7.1.3. Solar

7.1.4. Processed Energy (BTU)

7.1.5. Clean vs. Dirty Energy (Peak Time Energy)

7.1.6. Infrastructure

7.1.6.1. Reliability

7.1.6.2. Smart Grid

7.1.6.3. Scalability

7.1.6.4. Convergence

7.2. Energy Storage

7.2.1. Hydro

7.2.2. Batteries

7.2.3. Water Reservoirs

7.2.4. Air Compression

7.2.5. Carbon-Capture

8. Sustainability

8.1. Definition

8.2. 3 pillars

8.2.1. Social

8.2.2. Economic

8.2.3. Environmental

8.3. Triggers

8.3.1. Degradation of environment

8.3.1.1. Waste Polution

8.3.2. Globalisation

8.3.3. Climate change

8.3.3.1. Climate

8.3.3.1.1. CO2 Footprint

8.3.3.1.2. Preservation and Prevention

8.3.3.1.3. Green House Gas Emissions

9. IT Components & Energy Consumption

9.1. IT Hardware

9.1.1. Servers

9.1.2. Storage

9.1.3. Cooling Systems (Fans)

9.1.4. Work Stations & Thin Clients

9.1.5. ChipTechnology

9.1.6. Network Infrastructure

9.2. Mobile Computing

9.2.1. Battery Life

9.2.2. Screen Efficiency

9.2.3. Geo-Computation (Satellites)

9.2.4. Life-Cycle Reduction

9.2.5. Mobile Chip Technology

9.3. Systems & Consolidation Methodologies

9.3.1. Cloud Computing

9.3.2. Network Grids

9.3.3. Remote Access

9.3.4. Virtualization

9.3.5. Internet

9.4. IT Software

9.4.1. Operating Systems

9.4.2. Planning & Design Software

9.4.3. Power Management Software

9.4.3.1. Corporate

9.4.3.2. End Users

9.4.4. Global Simulation Models

9.5. Office & Data Centres

9.5.1. A/C Cooling

9.5.2. Efficiency vs. Carbon Solutions

9.5.3. Buildings (LEED)

9.5.4. External Climate Utilization

10. IT

10.1. IT & Climate Change

10.1.1. Awareness

10.1.1.1. Consumer behaviour

10.1.1.2. Corporate Social Repsponsibility

10.1.2. Strategy integration

10.1.2.1. Green business model

10.1.2.2. Cost cutting measures

10.1.3. Economic downturn

10.2. Need for Green IT

10.2.1. Industry growth

10.2.1.1. Carbon emission

10.2.1.2. Opportunities and challanges

10.2.1.2.1. Cost reduction

10.2.1.2.2. Energy consumption

10.2.1.2.3. Waste reduction

10.2.1.2.4. Environmental limitations

10.2.1.2.5. Business sense

10.2.2. Climate change

10.3. Efficiency

10.3.1. Energy demands

10.3.1.1. Development of technology

10.3.1.2. Data centres

10.3.1.2.1. Consumption

10.3.1.2.2. Counter-measures

10.3.2. Research & Development

10.4. PDLC

10.4.1. Recycling

10.4.1.1. e-Waste

10.4.1.2. Toxic components

10.4.1.3. Sourcing

10.4.2. Life-cycle effects

10.4.2.1. Secondary markets

10.4.2.2. Partnership approach within value chain

10.4.3. Energy dispersion within PDLC

10.4.4. Regulation and incentives

10.4.4.1. US trends

11. Green Technologies

11.1. Trends & Indicators

11.1.1. Energy costs

11.1.2. IT 1.0

11.1.2.1. Technologies

11.1.2.1.1. Energy market

11.1.2.1.2. Maturity stage

11.1.2.1.3. Eco-system equillibrium

11.1.3. IT 2.0

11.1.4. Eco-rating

11.2. Energy demands

11.2.1. Data centres & office buildings

11.2.1.1. Energy sourcing

11.2.1.1.1. Hydropower

11.2.1.1.2. Solar heating & cooling

11.2.1.1.3. Wind Energy Systems

11.2.1.1.4. Ice Energy Systems

11.2.1.1.5. Ocean Energy Systems

11.2.1.1.6. Geographic DC locations

11.2.1.2. LEED

11.2.1.3. Renewable energy purchasing

11.3. IT Hardware

11.3.1. Thin clients

11.3.2. Energy & performance measuring unit

11.3.3. Mainframes & Supercomputers

11.3.3.1. Applications

11.3.3.1.1. Research & Development

11.3.3.1.2. Climate

11.3.3.2. Storage

11.3.3.2.1. Technologies

11.3.3.3. Power management

11.3.3.4. Computing cycle

11.3.4. Data centres

11.3.5. Data De-Dublication

11.3.6. Virtualization

11.3.6.1. Virtualization levels

11.3.7. Multi-Processors

11.4. IT Software

11.4.1. Hardware inter-dependencies

11.4.1.1. Monitoring

11.4.2. Applications and programs

11.4.3. Simulations

11.4.4. Collaboration

11.4.4.1. Web 2.0

11.4.4.2. Web 3.0

11.5. Mobile computing

11.5.1. Chip technology

11.5.1.1. Energy consumption

11.5.1.2. Heat reduction

11.5.2. Productivity

11.5.3. Display technology

11.5.4. Battery life

11.5.5. Applications

11.5.6. Power supply

11.6. Systems, Frameworks, Methodologies

11.6.1. ITIL

11.6.1.1. Service quality

11.6.1.2. Continual improvement

11.6.1.3. Capacity management

11.6.1.4. Configuration management

11.6.1.4.1. Configuration Items

11.6.1.4.2. CMDB

11.6.2. Management Information Systems

12. Sustainability

12.1. Definition & concept

12.2. Three pilars

12.2.1. Economic aspect

12.2.1.1. Production and consumption

12.2.1.2. Employment

12.2.1.3. Growth

12.2.2. Social dimension

12.2.2.1. Human capital

12.2.2.2. Social capital

12.2.2.3. Cultural diversity

12.2.3. Environmental sphere

12.2.3.1. Biodiversity

12.2.3.2. Natural resources

12.2.3.3. Climate Change

12.2.3.3.1. Greenhouse effect and CO2

12.2.3.3.2. Growth and CO2 levels

12.3. Some triggers

12.3.1. Economic development

12.3.2. Globalisation

12.3.3. Climate Change

12.3.3.1. United Nation Framework Convention on Climate Change

12.3.3.1.1. Kyoto Protocol

12.3.3.1.2. US policy

13. Green IT business impact

13.1. Legislation and certifications

13.1.1. Emission trading scheme

13.1.2. Certifications

13.1.2.1. Waste

13.1.2.2. Power efficiency

13.1.3. Carbon tax

13.2. Green IT Management

13.2.1. Business value chain

13.2.2. Responsibility

13.2.2.1. RACI

13.2.2.2. Middle Management

13.2.2.3. Board of Director

13.2.3. Communication

13.2.3.1. Marketing tool

13.2.3.2. Clients as partners

13.2.4. Governance and reporting