Database Management

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Database Management by Mind Map: Database Management

1. Databases, Data, and Information

1.1. Database software, often called a database management system (DBMS), allows users

1.2. Garbage in, garbage out (GIGO) points out the accuracy of a computer’s output depends on the accuracy of the input

1.3. Valuable information should have the following characteristics

2. The Hierarchy of Data

2.1. Data is organized in layers

2.2. Common data types include

2.3. A record is a group of related fields

3. Maintaining Data

3.1. File maintenance refers to the procedures that keep data current

3.2. Users add new records to a file when they obtain new data

3.3. Users modify a record to correct inaccurate data or update old data

4. File Processing Versus Databases

5. Database Management Systems

5.1. A data dictionary contains data about each file in the database and each field in those files

5.2. A DBMS provides several tools that allow users and programs to retrieve and maintain data in the database

6. Relational, Object‐Oriented, and Multidimensional Databases

6.1. A data model consists of rules and standards that define how the database organizes data

6.2. A relational database stores data in tables that consist of rows and columns – Each row has a primary key – Each column has a unique name