African-American Vernacular

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African-American Vernacular by Mind Map: African-American Vernacular

1. Hip Hop

1.1. Has roots in every aforementioned genre so far.

1.2. Utilizes speaking as much as singing.

1.3. Derives from chants, or game songs

1.4. Lyrics are often similair to The Blues.

1.5. Traces of every genre can be found in the very large genre of Hip Hop.

1.6. Power, success, conquest, and extravagance are all common themes of Hip Hop

1.7. Sometimes deep, sometimes shallow. Very flexible lyrics and interpretation.

1.8. Usually meant to inspire dance and movement.

1.9. Hip Hop emerged in the late 1970s and is still a major genre in America.

1.10. Famous artists include Niggas With Attitude, Queen Latifah, The Notorious B.I.G., Rakim, Nas, Biggie Smalls, etc. The list could go on and on.

2. Hip Hop

3. Rhythm and Blues, Rock and Roll, and Soul

3.1. Terms coined for marketing purposes.

3.2. Influenced by Blues but with different elements intertwined to appeal to different audiences. For example, Latin American music, gospel, jazz, rock.

3.3. Plenty of "wiggle room" in this genre for different sounds coming out in the 1950s-70s.

3.4. Famous MoTown label is among iconic labels released under this genre.

3.5. R&B is basically all of the African-Americans musical heritage all rolled up into one.

3.6. Iconic songs are "A Change Is Gonna Come" by Sam Cooke, "Respect" performed by Aretha Franklin, and "We're A Winner", written and performed by Curtis Mayfield.

4. Jazz

4.1. Began in the first decades of the 20th century

4.2. Jumbled The Blues in together with European musical sounds and lots of other elements.

4.3. By 1920, Jazz started sweeping the United States

4.4. Celebrated as a collaboration of musical instruments and voice. Perhaps more emphasis on the artistic arrangement and cohesiveness of the two.

4.5. Sometimes improvised.

4.6. Stemmed from The Blues, but modernized.

4.7. Famous Jazz artists are Duke Ellington, Louis Armstrong, and Ella Scott Fitzgerald.

4.8. New Orleans is credited as the birthplace of Jazz.

5. The Blues

5.1. Closely associated and influenced by work songs and spirituals

5.2. Became first noticed at the beginning of the 20th century.

5.3. Instead of a chorus though, generally sung by one individual.

5.4. W.C. Handy is known as "the father of the blues"

5.5. Often complaining about earthly trials and tribulations

5.6. Started incorporating instruments and other sounds such as train whistles, sexual groans, shouts, and audience reaction.

5.7. "The Hesitating Blues" written byHandy and performed by Louis Armstrong is one example.

6. Secular Rhymes, Work Songs, Ballads, and Songs of Social Change.

6.1. Often very Satirical

6.2. Used to pass time, brighten day, or improve morale

6.3. Includes protest songs and sarcastic poems

6.4. Closely associated with The Blues

6.5. Again, most do not have author because they are orally passed along.

6.6. Famous selections include "We Shall Overcome", a song a social change, ""Go Dow., Old Hannah", a work song, "The Signifying Monkey", a ballad, and "No More Auction Block", a Secular Rhyme.

7. Spirituals and Gospels

7.1. Began in the earliest days of slavery.

7.2. First written down in 1801 by Richard Allen

7.3. Provided vision and hope for the future

7.4. "Go down, Moses" and "Peace Be Still" are examples

7.5. Gospels were more geared towards church but that is only difference

8. Sermons and Prayers

8.1. Much like Spirituals and Gospels, very Religion oriented.

8.2. Each preacher brings his own energy and "voice" to the sermon and congregation

8.3. Martin Luther king Jr., Howard Thurman, and Malcom X are among some famous African-Americans to preach these sermons

8.4. Sometimes incorporated within essays, novels, or fiction by AA writers.

8.5. "Oh God, I Need Thee" and "I Have A Dream" are famous sermons that fall into this category

8.6. Like spiritual and gospels, Sermons have been around since the African American was introduced to Christianity.

9. Folktales

9.1. Folktales have been orally passed down since the beginning of human speech.

9.2. Used as a way of explaining something or to teach a moral lesson.

9.3. Animals are used metaphorically to display good vs. evil

9.4. Telling of these tales was a performance and usually requires audience participation and reaction.

9.5. True folktales have no author because they were passed orally for so long.

9.6. "Member Youse a Nigger" and "Brer Rabbit Tricks Brer Fox Again" are two common Folktales.