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Technology in Education Basic Theories & Frameworks by Mind Map: Technology in Education
Basic Theories & Frameworks
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Technology in Education Basic Theories & Frameworks


Three areas of focus

1) Content 2) Pedagogy 3) Technology

Intersection of types of knowledge how they can best be utilized

Technological Pedagogical Knowledge (TPK), Understanding technology tools that aid in learning by students or aid in teaching

Pedagogical Content Knowledge (PCK), Good understanding of content and how to teach it best to your students

Technological Content Knowledge (TCK), Understanding of technologies best used to enhance course content, Example: Duolingo

Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK), Mastery learning; Properly teaching the best available content aided by technologies

Displayed over a venn diagram

Reproduced by permission of the publisher, © 2013 by


Technology Integration

In the classroom

Assisting teaching & learning, For students, this allows them more opportunity for self-learning when they can choose from methods that they are comfortable with

4 levels of integration which transform or enhance activities

Enhancing, Modification, More accessible and inclusive activity via tech tools Example: Classroom activity asking students to type up their responses and then comment on other groups responses in an online chat over google docs, Redefinition, New activities used using tech tools Example: Instead of making a project website with a in-person classmate, they can do this with a peer student abroad collaborating and producing the webpage together.

Transformative, Substitution, Changing the method of participation Example: google docs vs. notes on paper, Augmentation, Altering how students are able to perform tasks Examples: Quiz using cellphone responses, online survey

Philosophy of Teachnology

Requires teachers to define their methods of teaching

may come through experience or careful planning

The combination of a philosophy of teaching and the inclusion of technology

Specifically looking at a teacher's methods of technology inclusion within their own pedagogy

unique to every teacher's practices

Requires teachers to have an understanding of available pedagogical tech tools

Includes: Professional development sessions Collaboration with technology-invested teachers Additional time spent researching tech tools, ePortfolios, PLN's

21st Century Learning

Understanding current technology

Through PLN's, collaboration and professional development it's important to be aware of current educational technologies that will help your students., Important for simply using simple technologies and being able to function in our world, Example: how to send an email to someone's cellphone

Technology as a medium for better learning

As in TPACK, tech resources can aid in learning in many different ways

Being able to understand how learners benefit from technology, and using methods otherwise impossible, Example: Anki