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Alyssa's Environmental Science Mind Map by Mind Map: Alyssa
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Alyssa's Environmental Science Mind Map

Organism

A form of life considered as an entity.

Animals

Plants

Fungi

Moneran

Protistan

Mammal

Population

A population is a group of organisms in one general area.  An example of a population is humans.

Community

A community is many organisms interacting and working together in the same environment.

Ecosystem

Something formed when a group of organisms in a community interact with one another in an environment.  An ecosystem consists of plants, animals, and abiotic and biotic factors, in which they all depend on each other to live.

Biomes

Desert biome

A community characterized by certain animals in plants that make up the region and live under the same climate.

Tundra

Rainforest

Grasslands

Savannah

Arctic

Deciduous and coniferous forest

Rainforest

A tall, dense forest of many trees in an area of annual rainfall.

Where are rainforests?

Central America

Amazon

Africa

Southern Asia

Austrailia

Desert

A desert is an area that has little rainfall and only can either support sparse and far spaced vegetation or none.  A desert is normally barren or not very lively.  For instance, the Sahara Desert.

Tundra

Examples of Tundras are; arctic, plain, etc.

A vast, level, treeless plain in the arctic regions of Europe, Asia, North America.

Freshwater Biome

Among one of most important biomes.

A major natural water source.

Algea

Aquatic animals

Photosynthetic plankton

Marine Biome

A marine biome is a biome that is located in an ocean and is filled with saltwater.  A marine biome is not the same as a freshwater biome.  Marine biomes cover as much as three-fourths of the Earth's surface.  Including, reefs, oceans

Grassland/Savannah

An area of land that natural vegetation has perennial grasses.

An example of a grassland is a prarie.

Food Chain

 A food chain can be described as the energy flow between organisms.  A food chain is all about a sequence of who consumes who to survive.  The order in a food chain from the bottom up is;    

Food Web

A group of things that make up a commmunity.

Filled with prey and predators, consumers, decomposers, etc.

Primary Conumers

A herbivore or an animal that consumes plants.

Secondary Consumers

A secondary consumer is an animal that consumes energy off of other consumers.  Yet, the biggest prey of a secondary consumer is a primary consumer.  A secondary consumer is considered a carnivorous animal.  However, they can also be omnivores.  They prey off of animals and plants. For example, a Jaguar, Caiman, Pacman Frog, Flying Squirrel, and a Harpy Eagle. Secondary consumers are towards the top of the food chain, rather than the bottom.

Producers

A plant that is able to produce its own food from inorganic items.

Plants are only producer in an ecosystem.

Extra information

Biotic Factors

A factor that is living or once was living in an ecosystem.

Whale

Fish

Wooden Ruler

Corpse

Snail

Snake

Bread

Hair

Finger Nails

Wool

Cotton Fabric

Paper

Plants

Salad

Steak or pork chops

Abiotic Factors

A non-living factor in an ecosystem and was never living.

Clock

Water

Temperature

Plastic

Sand

Aluminum

Wind Direction

Clouds

Sunlight

Air

Glass

Tropic Levels

Decomposer

A decomposer is a thing that decomposes.

bacteria

Yabby

Worm

Tertiary Consumer

A carnivorous animal

At the top of the food chain, these consumers only eat other carnivores or other secondary carnivores.

Snake

Fish

Bear

Seal

Biodiversity

Biodiversity means differences within plants and animals in their environments.  Biodiversity is often used to measure the health of an ecosystem.  There are three types of biodiversity.  They are genetic, ecosystem, and species biodiversity.

Genetic Biodiversity

Genetic biodiversity is the difference between individuals of a similar species.  For instance, cats are a big species.  However, there are many different types of cats like; calico, siamese, short-haired, etc.  They are all different in their appearance and genes, and genetic biodiversity finds out how that all is.

Species Biodiversity

Species biodiversity is the variety of species in different area.  Species biodiversity is determined by finding the taxonomic diversity or just plainly counting the number of species. 

Ecosystem Biodiversity

 Ecosystem biodiversity is the measure between the boundaries of an ecosystem.  However, it is very diffuicult to measure ecosystem biodiversity because the boundaries are not easily seen within ecosystems.

Hot Spots

Endangered Species

An endangered species is a species in fear of becoming extinct.  This could be due to human interference like hunting, construction, or pollution.  A species could also be endangered because of a climate or major temperature rise or fall.  Also, a major difference in the predator and prey ratio could result in an endangered species.

Threatened Species

Indicator Species

Ecological Succession

Primary Succession

Secondary Succession

Pioneer Species