Discovering theory in the Digital Humanities using CGTM

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Discovering theory in the Digital Humanities using CGTM by Mind Map: Discovering theory in the Digital Humanities using CGTM

1. Grounded Theory

1.1. What is Grounded theory?

1.1.1. Developed by Glaser and Strauss

1.1.1.1. Analyzed data for patterns of behavior

1.1.1.1.1. How are people resolving their central concern?

1.1.1.2. Awareness of Dying

1.1.1.2.1. an emergent issue for the time, dying in a hospital

1.1.1.2.2. Theory developed: Awareness Contexts

1.1.2. Purpose

1.1.2.1. generate theory

1.1.2.1.1. Theoretical foothold for action, Simons.

1.1.2.2. explain what is really going on in an action scene

1.1.2.3. account for the most variation in the observed data

1.1.2.4. develop a parsimonious theory with scope

1.1.2.5. Validity of Grounded theories

1.1.2.5.1. Fit

1.1.2.5.2. Grab

1.1.2.5.3. Modifiability

1.1.2.5.4. Generalizability

1.1.2.6. No preconceptions

1.1.2.6.1. Not testing some other theory

1.1.2.7. Suited for emergent areas where extant theories are weak or non-existent.

1.1.3. What runs the world?

1.1.3.1. mostly description

1.1.3.2. followed by conjecture

1.1.3.2.1. based on vested social structural fictions

1.1.3.2.2. impressionistic wiseman thought

1.1.3.2.3. one incident variables

1.1.3.3. grounded conceptualization runs a distant 3rd.

1.1.3.3.1. High impact dependent variables

1.1.4. Study of a concept

1.1.4.1. concept names a pattern

1.1.4.1.1. pattern is generalizable

1.1.5. How people resolve their central concerns?

1.2. How is it done?

1.2.1. Stages of GT process, Odis Simmons

1.2.1.1. Stage 1 Preparation:

1.2.1.2. Stage 2: Data Collection

1.2.1.2.1. Data sources

1.2.1.2.2. Types of Data

1.2.1.3. Stage 3: Constant Comparative Analysis

1.2.1.3.1. Questions asked of the data

1.2.1.3.2. incidents

1.2.1.3.3. indicators

1.2.1.3.4. categories

1.2.1.3.5. codes

1.2.1.3.6. Looking for one code or core variable that explains the most variation in patterns of behavior

1.2.1.4. Stage 4: Memoing

1.2.1.4.1. Start descriptively

1.2.1.5. Stage 5: Theoretical sorting

1.2.1.6. Stage 6 :Writing the theory

1.2.1.6.1. Assembling the memos

1.3. Glen Gatin

1.3.1. Manitoba, Canada

1.3.2. Ed.D from Fielding Graduate University`

1.3.2.1. Media Studies

1.3.2.2. Grounded Theory Method

1.3.3. Dissertation

1.3.3.1. Keeping Your Distance

1.3.3.1.1. GTM

1.3.3.1.2. Challenged Moore's theory of Transactional Distance

1.3.3.1.3. Workflow

1.3.3.1.4. People like to conserve energy by controlling their sense of, physical, emotional,and psychological distance.

1.4. Issues for Grounded Theory Dissertations

1.4.1. Concept Paper

1.4.2. Literature Review

1.4.3. IRB

1.4.4. Data collection

1.4.5. Aligning

1.4.6. Research Question

1.4.6.1. not the Grand Tour Question

1.4.7. Not testing and validating another theory but generating a theory

1.4.7.1. Up to others to test and validate

1.4.7.2. Still a worthy scholarly contribution

2. What is digital humanities?

2.1. Good Question

2.1.1. What ever you tell the customs guy when you are heading to the conference

2.1.2. Definitions

2.1.2.1. A new definition with each refresh

2.2. formerly humanities computing

2.2.1. Emerging discipline

2.2.1.1. Intersection of computer science and humanities

2.3. Theories

2.3.1. Need for more scholarship

2.3.1.1. Williams et al.2011

2.3.1.1.1. Theory Paradigms

2.3.1.2. Role of scholars

2.3.2. What is a theory?

2.3.2.1. Fundamental element of the western system of knowledge

2.3.2.1.1. Some one proposes a theory

2.3.2.2. Set of related concepts

2.3.2.2.1. hypothetical probability statements

2.3.2.3. testable

2.3.2.3.1. Much done in place based and online education is based on theory that is untested or untestable eg) learning styles theory

2.3.2.4. offers an explanation for patterns of behavior

2.3.2.5. provides a means of predicting patterns of behavior

2.3.2.5.1. Essential for instructional design in online learning

2.3.3. Where do we get theories?

2.3.3.1. Great man theories

2.3.3.1.1. wise man thought

2.3.3.2. Re-purposed theories

2.3.3.2.1. A good theory should still work when the context changes

2.3.3.3. Action research

2.3.3.3.1. Applied research still focused on theory development

2.3.3.4. Abductive reasoning

2.3.3.4.1. best explanation

2.3.3.5. Systematic processes

2.3.3.5.1. Deductive and inductive reasoning

2.3.4. Why are theories important

2.3.4.1. HIrumi

2.3.4.1.1. 4 Conditions for grounded design

2.3.4.2. "Nothing more practical than a good theory", Kurt Lewin

2.3.4.3. What happens when you don't have a sound theoretical foundation?

2.3.4.3.1. Espoused theory and Theory-in-Use

2.3.4.3.2. Cognitive dissonance

2.3.5. Some examples of theories in the DH

2.3.5.1. post-humanism

2.3.5.2. social shaping of technology

2.3.5.3. technological determinism

2.3.5.4. diffusion of innovations

2.4. two main streams

2.4.1. digitizing the analogue world

2.4.1.1. Theories

2.4.2. born digital

3. Other research methods

3.1. Action research

3.2. Mass observation

3.3. Member validation

3.4. metadata analysis

3.4.1. Orlikowski, sociomateriality

3.5. secondary analysis of data

4. Why is GTM Suited to DH

4.1. Highly emergent field

4.1.1. High impact social variables

4.2. Existing theories inadequate or non-existent

4.2.1. incorporates complexities of organizational contexts

4.2.1.1. uniquely fitted for studying process and change

4.3. Answers the why questions

4.4. Theoretical foothold for action required.

4.5. high impact dependent variables

4.6. Secondary analysis of data

4.6.1. comparing apples and oranges

4.6.1.1. they are fruit

4.6.2. the study of specific problems through analysis of existing data which were originally collected for other purposes.

5. Abstract

5.1. An increasingly digital world requires sophisticated approaches to help people understand and cope with profound change. Humanities provide the environment where this process occurs. Traditional approaches to humanities research drew upon theoretical research. A theory is testable sets of related concepts that explain predict patterns of behavior. A robust theory must withstand the introduction of new data and must be applicable in new contexts. Many of the theories that once worked in the humanities have lost their explanatory and predictive power in a rapidly emerging digital context. Classic grounded theory method was designed to discover theories in emerging areas.