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The making of Russian Revolution by Mind Map: The making of Russian
Revolution
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The making of Russian Revolution

Repressive nature of Regime

Emergency Powers introduced in 1881

government courts for political opposition

Death of Father

Pobedonostev

Okhrana, Sent to exile

Education

1884, Uni's under state control

schools under control of Orthodox church

Control of Legal System

1889 land captain, chosen by gov

1890 govt choose jury

censorship

foreign books banned

newspapers

14 shot 1882-1889

Political control

1892 Zemstva act, Town councils

1890 Zemstva Act restricted franchise

Russification

intensified under Alexander II

1885- Russian is official language

affects schools

Poland, Latvia, Georgia, intensifies anti-Russian feeling, opposite effect

increased Anti-Semitism, Pogroms, attacks on Jews, 1892 20,000 Jews forced to leave Moscow

growing suppor for nationalist ideas

Industrialisation

begins to industrialise

policies of Vyshnegradsky, grain exports, paying for industry, railways, coal, oil etc., famine, change policies, policies of Witte, invest in railways, foreign Loans, kept wages low, tax peasants, salt and kerosene

modernise

growing middle class

want doctors, professionals etc., growing of cities, proffesionals, doctors, lawyers, teachers

managers, finance, bankers, connected to industry

want a say

liberal ideas

lead to revolution

growing working class

terrible living/working conditions, housing problems, bed sharing, no running water, illness, crime, working conditions, no trade Unions, long hours low pay, no health and safety, breeding ground for revolution

increasing peasant agitation

huge population growth

50 million since 1850, peasants bored, sex

shortage of land

hatred of land owners

Witte's taxes

still low wages

bigger increase

Redemption payments

don't feel free

political opposition

liberals

growing support, stirs up agitation in Dec '04 and Jan '05, middle class, professionals, working class, from middle class, Nov 1904 Zemstva Banquet, demands on reform, constituent assembly, equality, secretly political

social democrats

formed in 1898

Marxism

don't cause revolution but play a part

split in two in 1903 in London, Mensheviks, Martov, envourage workers to join, larger party, Bolsheviks, much smaller wing, Lenin, means majority, small group of proffesionals to be ready, weak due to split, exiled or not in Russia, banned

Believe in karl Marx, middle class cause revolution first, industrialisation, until working class take over, working class take over second, educated to believe they don't need middle class

socialist revolutionaries

formed from populist movement in 1901, people's will etc.

revolution through peasants and worker, promised peasants land, had to politicise peasants, not educated, not interested

Short Term causes

Russo-Japanese War

national himiliation

Manchuria, assumed win, patriotism, series of defeats, logistically impossible

worsens economic problems, inflation, taxes up

Bloody Sunday

workers protest, led by Father Gapon

shooting of protestors, innocent un-armed crowds, 200 died

asking tsar to help

peaceful, petition on economic and political issues

9th Jan 1905

Economic

no foreign investment

poor harves 1900-02

Depression by 1904, low wages