The making of Russian Revolution

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The making of Russian Revolution by Mind Map: The making of Russian Revolution

1. Repressive nature of Regime

1.1. Emergency Powers introduced in 1881

1.1.1. government courts for political opposition

1.1.2. Death of Father

1.1.3. Pobedonostev

1.1.4. Okhrana Sent to exile

1.2. Education

1.2.1. 1884, Uni's under state control

1.2.2. schools under control of Orthodox church

1.3. Control of Legal System

1.3.1. 1889 land captain chosen by gov

1.3.2. 1890 govt choose jury

1.4. censorship

1.4.1. foreign books banned

1.4.2. newspapers

1.4.3. 14 shot 1882-1889

1.5. Political control

1.5.1. 1892 Zemstva act, Town councils

1.5.2. 1890 Zemstva Act restricted franchise

2. Russification

2.1. intensified under Alexander II

2.1.1. 1885- Russian is official language

2.1.2. affects schools

2.1.3. Poland, Latvia, Georgia intensifies anti-Russian feeling opposite effect

2.1.4. increased Anti-Semitism Pogroms attacks on Jews

2.1.5. growing suppor for nationalist ideas

3. Industrialisation

3.1. begins to industrialise

3.1.1. policies of Vyshnegradsky grain exports paying for industry famine

3.1.2. modernise

3.2. growing middle class

3.2.1. want doctors, professionals etc. growing of cities proffesionals

3.2.2. managers, finance, bankers connected to industry

3.3. want a say

3.3.1. liberal ideas

3.3.2. lead to revolution

3.4. growing working class

3.4.1. terrible living/working conditions housing problems bed sharing no running water illness crime working conditions no trade Unions no health and safety breeding ground for revolution

4. increasing peasant agitation

4.1. huge population growth

4.1.1. 50 million since 1850 peasants bored sex

4.2. shortage of land

4.2.1. hatred of land owners

4.3. Witte's taxes

4.3.1. still low wages

4.3.2. bigger increase

4.4. Redemption payments

4.4.1. don't feel free

5. political opposition

5.1. liberals

5.1.1. growing support stirs up agitation in Dec '04 and Jan '05 middle class professionals working class from middle class Nov 1904 Zemstva Banquet demands on reform secretly political

5.2. social democrats

5.2.1. formed in 1898

5.2.2. Marxism

5.2.3. don't cause revolution but play a part

5.2.4. split in two in 1903 in London Mensheviks Martov envourage workers to join Bolsheviks much smaller wing Lenin means majority small group of proffesionals to be ready weak due to split exiled or not in Russia banned

5.2.5. Believe in karl Marx middle class cause revolution first industrialisation working class take over second educated to believe they don't need middle class

5.3. socialist revolutionaries

5.3.1. formed from populist movement in 1901 people's will etc.

5.3.2. revolution through peasants and worker promised peasants land had to politicise peasants

6. Short Term causes

6.1. Russo-Japanese War

6.1.1. national himiliation

6.1.2. Manchuria assumed win patriotism series of defeats logistically impossible

6.1.3. worsens economic problems inflation taxes up

6.2. Bloody Sunday

6.2.1. workers protest led by Father Gapon

6.2.2. shooting of protestors innocent un-armed crowds 200 died

6.2.3. asking tsar to help

6.2.4. peaceful petition on economic and political issues

6.2.5. 9th Jan 1905

6.3. Economic

6.3.1. no foreign investment

6.3.2. poor harves 1900-02

6.3.3. Depression by 1904 low wages