" The creature was a party of boys, marching approximately in step in two parallel lines"
All the boys are from a private school, These rules are adhered to at the beginning, Despite these rules, Jack was also given a position of power at school as leader of the choir
Dislikes Piggy because he is lower class
Physically different characters
Feels Ralph is protecting Piggy, "'We musn't let anything happen to Piggy, must we?'
The antithesis of Ralph
Jack's fundamental desire, He is furious when he loses the election, Pushes the boundaries of the rules, Uses Ralph's similarity with the weak Piggy against him, "He says things like Piggy. He isn't a proper chief.'"
Initially he is unable to kill the pig, Suggests he was still governed by the civilised rules he had learned, Overcomes his civilisation by wearing warpaint, ...the mask was a thing on its own, behind which Jack hid, liberated from shame and self-consciousness.
Becomes obsessed with hunting
Gives in to his own bloodlust, The overwhelming emotion Jack and his hunters have to "kill the pig" is an indirect metaphor to suggest the boys are also killing a part of Piggy., While Jack and his gang continue to kill, the logic and reason which Piggy symbolises progressively diminishes., He tried to convey the compulsion to track down and kill that was swallowing him up.
The more savage he becomes, the more he can control the group, The boys largely follow Jack's lead and ignore their moral restraints, The authority he has makes him feel powerful
Jack learns to use the boys' fear of the beast to control them, The beast is a hunter... we couldn't kill it., Shows how religion and superstition can be used as instruments of power
“The was a mildness about his mouth and eyes that proclaimed no devil.”, Contrast with the red and black appearance of Jack (the devil)
Naturally athletic - as such is a contrast to Piggy. He is, at heart, a dreamer who, unlike Piggy, does not see the seriousness of the situation they are in. As Ralph’s perception of the island changes his dreams revert to dreams of home.
Doesn't ask Piggy's name, “this proffer of acquaintance was not made.”
Mocks Piggy's nickname - tells the others
Listens to Piggy's ideas
Main concern is rescue
Recognises the need for order, “We’ll have to have ‘Hands up’ like at school.”
Takes shelter building very seriously
Furious when the others do not take their responsibilities seriously
Bitter with Jack when he allows the fire to go out, This marks the dissolution of his cooperation with Jack, “Not even Ralph knew how a link between him and Jack had been snapped and fastened elsewhere.”, Ultimately leads to Ralph realising that he hates Jack for the way he seeks to disrupt the order he craves, Leads to closer bond with Piggy, “Piggy, for all his ludicrous body, had brains. Ralph was a specialist in thought now, and could recognise thought in another.”
“The world, that understandable and lawful world, was slipping away.”, Sign of Ralph maturing - understanding the concerns of adults and society, "Ralph wept for the end of innocence, the darkness of man's heart, and the fall through the air of the true, wise friend called Piggy."
Takes responsibility for investigating "the beast", “I’m chief. I’ll go.”
Increasingly frequent daydreams of home, “Ralph leaned against a tree and at once the day-dreams came swarming up.”, Ralph is disillusioned with the paradise he initially thought the island was.
The death of Piggy means there is no possibility of two leaders on the island, “The breaking of the conch and the deaths of Piggy and Simon lay over the island like a vapour. These painted savages would go further and further.”
He refuses to wear paint, “we won’t be painted because we aren’t savages”.
Spectacles since he was three, A symbol of weakness to Jack
“’They used to call me Piggy!'"
For a moment the boys were a closed circuit of sympathy with Piggy on the outside...
A symbol of intelligence to Ralph, Indicates that science and intelligence bring progress, There can be no fire without the glasses, Piggy understands there are no "ghosts", I know there isn't no beast - not with claws and all that, I mean - but I know there isn't no fear either...Unless-...Unless we get frightened of people.
He attempts to act according to an absolute set of standards., Piggy attempts to condition the island society to mirror the society they all lived in in England., He tries to pull Ralph towards the reason-oriented side of human nature.
Piggy is obsessed with the signal-fire., "How can you expect to be rescued if you don’t put first things first and act proper?"
This is because he wants to return to England where adults are, but also because the fire is one of the only symbols of order on the island., "What could be safer than the bus centre with its lamps and wheels?"
"The rock struck Piggy a glancing blow from chin to knee; the conch exploded into a thousand white fragments and ceased to exist.", Piggy's death leaves Ralph alone - he must makes his own decisions now, "What was the sensible thing to do? There was no Piggy to talk sense.", It also exposes to Ralph the cruelty of nature, and "man's essential illness", He regrets not having been able to save Piggy, and mankind's essential flaw, "Ralph wept for the end of innocence, the darkness of man's heart, and the fall through the air of the true, wise friend called Piggy."
Has an innate goodness that is as primal as Jack's savagery
Simon acts as he does because he believes in the natural value of morality, Behaves benevolently to the younger children, "Then, amid the roar of bees in the afternoon sunlight, Simon found for the fruit they could not "
The other boys act immorally when there is no adult to impose rules, The other boys are conditioned to be good, Shows Golding feels humans are more naturally disposed to savagery than civilisation, Even Piggy and Ralph take part in the hunt
Simon is the first to understand the beast is a natural part of the boys and not an external monster, Symbolised by the conversation between Simon and the sow's head, Echoes of Christ's temptation in the wilderness, Christ comparison continues in his role as a semi-prophet, "'You'll get back to where you came from.'", "'Maybe there is a beast....maybe it's only us.'", "'You knew, didn't you? I'm part of you? Close, close, close! I'm the reason why it's no go? Why things are what they are?'"
The inherent evil within each human is the moral conclusion of the book, Simon represents the idea of essential human goodness, Simon's murder suggests an abundance of human evil and a scarcity of human goodness, "However Simon thought of the beast, there rose before his inward sight the picture of a human at once heroic and sick."
Nature is indifferent to suffering, "Then Jack found the throat and the hot blood spouted over his hands. The sow collapsed under them and they were heavy and fulfilled upon her. The butterflies still danced, preoccupied in the center of the clearing."