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Victorian England: Factories and Trades by Mind Map: Victorian England: Factories and Trades
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Victorian England: Factories and Trades

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As of today

As time went on, the conditions that workers had faced in the 19th century had drastically improved through years of imperative reform. Today England is a leader in the chemical and pharmaceutical sectors and in key technical industries, particularly aerospace, the arms industry, and the manufacturing side of the software industry. Since the 1970s however, there has been a decline in traditional heavy and manufacturing industries, and an increased emphasis on a more service-oriented economy. Two thirds of production in England is devoted to livestock, and the other to arable crops.

Understanding History

The impact of The Industrial Revolution

Factory work greatly affected the life experiences of children, men, and women. For children, factory work served as a form of hard schooling. It channeled into adult factory jobs child workers who obeyed orders, worked diligently, and survived the health hazards and tedium. While the Industrial Revolution eventually put great pressure on men to engage in paid work outside the home continuously from adulthood to retirement, some men, particularly older men, refused to work in the factories and preferred to engage in spot labor and work around the home.

The Industrial Revolution was a great change in the method of manufacturing. Before the revolution, manufactured items were often done in a specialist’s home and by hand. The method was also quite slow. However, beginning in Britain, with the introduction of more advanced machinery and large factories, mass production of goods became possible. The Industrial Revolution not only made the manufacturing of goods efficient, but it also paved way for improved systems of transportation, communication, and banking.

Understanding Man

Factors behind the Revolution

The Factories Involved in the Industrial Revolution

Quality of life for people during these times

Factories, Trades, And Workers

Factories could produce products in a much faster time than a tradesman or an artisan could, and at a cheaper cost. This caused some artisans to protest against machinery, that could replace them with factory workers who were mostly unskilled workers, and were people of the lower classes. Children worked as well, with long hours and dangerous work, such as squeezing through small gaps that only children could do. The work was fairly simple, but the long hours and little to no breaks was tiresome. Children grew up with physical deformities, some missing limbs or digits from accidents in the factories with exposed machinery. There were controversies on the topic of child labor, some believing it to be immoral, while others believing it to be necessary because of low wages families bring in. This issue brought upon new laws with hour limits and age limits.

19th Century

History behind England in terms of trade and economy from a worker’s perspective

Even though most workers were employed in factories and other manufacturing jobs, still other occupations gained precedence during this era, particularly those that provided manufacturers were raw materials and distributed finished products. For example, from 1851 to 1871, the number of people employed in the trade, wholesale and retail sector grew by 1.3%. As the Industrial Revolution progressed, the amount of resources needed to keep the momentum going steadily increased. As a result, the mining industry expanded, and wages paid to workers were higher than those paid to factory workers.

Few people were skilled artisans who made things for the few yet wealthy members of the upper echelons of society. They made things such as jewelry and other artisanal goods. Others were doctors and lawyers however; the far larger group was the lower class. These people were the factory workers, the chimney cleaners, fruit sellers known as “costermongers” and finally the rat catchers. Between those groups were those occupations, which required some skill like coal miners and textile mill workers. Pretty much a summary: lawyers judges doctors engineers clergy at the top. Then came the artisans and merchants, the artisans whose services were enjoyed by the class above them. Then were those whose job required some sort of skill like miners and textiles. Then those who had jobs like rat catching or costermongers (punks who sold stolen fruit on the street). For the years thing the period from 1873 to 1896 was considered horrific. It is often referred to as the great depression even though it was not like the infamous Great Depression. However, it was a period of serious and steady decline. They were not fun times. It makes sense from a historical standpoint seeing as it came after such an industrial revolution yet people did not anticipate it.