The Holy League and the Battle of Lepanto

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The Holy League and the Battle of Lepanto by Mind Map: The Holy League and the Battle of Lepanto

1. Ottoman Empire

1.1. Invaded Cyprus

1.1.1. Farmagousta

1.1.1.1. Marco Antonio Bragadino

1.1.1.1.1. The "Remember the Alamo" for Venice

1.1.1.1.2. Flayed Alive by Ottoman

1.1.1.1.3. Appealed for a truce

1.2. Had Spies throughout Europe

1.2.1. Knew the Pope was building alliance and Venice was building a navy

1.3. Ali Pasha

1.3.1. Uluj Ali Pasha

1.3.1.1. Pirate

1.3.1.1.1. Slaughtered the knights on the Malta Galley Ship

1.3.2. Went to open sea to meet the Christian navy

1.3.2.1. so many ships it took two hours to maneauvre into position

1.3.2.1.1. War Galleys

1.3.2.1.2. Formed into a Crescent to envelope the enemy

1.3.2.2. Infantry carried crossbows

1.3.2.2.1. 100000 Infantry

1.3.2.2.2. Janissaries

1.3.2.3. Was after Corfu

1.3.2.3.1. The could go after Venice

1.3.3. Died under the axe by slave oarsmen and Christian infantry

1.3.4. His head was carried through the crowds of soldiers against the wishes of Don Juan

1.3.5. 30,000 dead

1.3.6. Galley Sultana

1.3.6.1. Carried his entire fortune and part of his Harem

1.3.6.2. Inscribed with the word Allah in gold 28,000 times

1.3.7. Choluk Bey

1.3.7.1. Captured the Maltese Galley Capitana

1.4. Would haul away any captives: women and boys to the harems and strong men to the oars of galleys

2. The Papacy

2.1. Pope Pius V

2.1.1. Died May 1572

2.1.2. I will raise arms against the Turks

2.1.3. Papal States

2.1.4. Wanted to stop the spread of Islam

2.1.5. Decreed to give each rower, sailor and officer a rosary before leaving Messina

2.1.6. Papal representative was near the fleet to bless the armada before set sail

2.1.7. Priests were onboard

2.1.7.1. heard confessions

2.1.7.2. blessed them

2.1.8. While meeting with his treasury that day Pope pius V walked to the window and said:

2.1.8.1. "This is not a moment for business; make haste to thank God, because our fleet this moment has won a victory over the Turks."

2.1.9. Decreed a memorial of the victory of "our Lady of Victory" every October 7th

2.1.9.1. Our Lady of Victory

2.1.9.1.1. Pope Gregory then changed it to our lady of the rosary

2.1.10. Urged all Christians to pray the rosary on behalf of the Holy League

3. Spain

3.1. Habsburg States of Spain

3.1.1. King Philip II of Spain

3.1.1.1. Don Juan de Austria

3.1.1.1.1. Supreme Comander

3.1.1.1.2. Illegitamit Son of Charles V

3.1.1.1.3. Alvaro de Bazan Santa Cruz

3.1.1.1.4. Order of the Golden Fleece

3.1.1.1.5. Half Brother of Philip

3.1.1.1.6. In the Real Flagship

3.1.1.1.7. refused to speak to Venier

3.1.1.1.8. All Galleys kneeled and prayed prior to battle

3.1.1.1.9. Commanded the galleys to ram the turkish ships

3.1.1.1.10. Promised freedom to oarsman slaves of Turks

3.1.1.1.11. Freed 12,000 of 16,000 slave oarsmen

3.1.1.1.12. Left Barcelona, Spain on 20th June 1571

3.1.1.1.13. Marcantonio Colonna

3.1.1.2. Son of Charles V

3.1.1.3. Largest Contributors to the Battle of Lepanto

4. The Battle Timeline

4.1. July 1570

4.1.1. First Assembled

4.1.2. To aid Venetian defenders of Cyprus invaded by Ottomans

4.1.3. Intended to break Ottoman Turk's control of the Eastern Mediterranean Sea

4.1.3.1. Eastern Mediterranean

4.2. The Battle:

4.3. Strait of Messina

4.3.1. Gigantic Naval Base

4.3.2. Departed September 16, 1571

4.3.2.1. 26 September, the fleet arrived in the waters of Corfu now devastated by the pirate Ulugh Ali

4.3.2.1.1. Arrived Gulf of Patras October 6th

4.4. Defeated Ottomans October 7th, 1571

4.4.1. End of the Day the Seas were died blood red

4.4.1.1. Imagine the Hellish sounds of guns, cannons, whistles, trumpets, ramming, screaming

4.4.1.1.1. Floating Turbans, wood everywhere

4.5. 1573

4.5.1. Disbanded

4.5.2. Or Was it?

5. The Fleet of the Holy League

5.1. THE LEFT DIVISION

5.1.1. Republic of Venice

5.1.1.1. Agostino Barbarigo

5.1.1.1.1. Venetian Commander

5.1.1.1.2. "Lanterna" of Venice Galley

5.2. THE CENTER DIVISION

5.2.1. Don John of Austria

5.2.1.1. Republic of Venice

5.2.1.1.1. Two Venetian Galleasses

5.2.1.1.2. 29 Venetian Galleys

5.2.1.2. Republic of Malta

5.2.1.2.1. 3 Galleys of Knights of Malta

5.2.1.3. Repbublic of Genoa

5.2.1.3.1. Eight Genoese Galleys

5.2.1.4. Italian Sovereign Houses

5.2.1.4.1. Peter Lomellini Antonio Canal

5.2.1.4.2. Giorgio Grimaldi

5.2.1.4.3. Duke of Savoy

5.2.1.4.4. House of Medici

5.2.1.5. Spain

5.2.1.5.1. Sixteen Spanish, Neapolitan and Savoy Galleys

5.2.1.6. Six Papal Galleys

5.2.1.6.1. "Capitana of His Holiness"

5.3. THE RIGHT DIVISION

5.3.1. Republic of Genoa

5.3.1.1. Giovanni Andrea Doria

5.3.1.1.1. great-nephew of the famed Genoese admiral Andrea Doria, by whom he was later adopted

5.3.1.1.2. Admiral of the Genoese Fleet

5.3.1.1.3. Ettore Spinola

5.3.2. Venetian Galleasses