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The Holy League and the Battle of Lepanto by Mind Map: The Holy League and the Battle of
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The Holy League and the Battle of Lepanto

Ottoman Empire

Invaded Cyprus

Farmagousta, Marco Antonio Bragadino, The "Remember the Alamo" for Venice, Flayed Alive by Ottoman, Cut off his nose and ears, placed a collar on him and had him walk around like a dog, Skin was stuffed with straw and placed in Constantinople as a trophy, Appealed for a truce

Had Spies throughout Europe

Knew the Pope was building alliance and Venice was building a navy

Ali Pasha

Uluj Ali Pasha, Pirate, Slaughtered the knights on the Malta Galley Ship, Retreated escaped into the open sea when Don Juan approached

Went to open sea to meet the Christian navy, so many ships it took two hours to maneauvre into position, War Galleys, 14,000 Christian Slave Oarsmen, 200 war galleys destroyed, If they had wind in their favor the slaves would come updeck, otherwise they would stay below and row, Used grapling hooks to join ships and attack with swords, Formed into a Crescent to envelope the enemy, Infantry carried crossbows, 100000 Infantry, Janissaries, The Sultans Household troops and bodyguards, trained soldiers from captive Christian boys, Wielded crossbows, axes and sabres, Abus gun, Was after Corfu, The could go after Venice

Died under the axe by slave oarsmen and Christian infantry

His head was carried through the crowds of soldiers against the wishes of Don Juan

30,000 dead

Galley Sultana, Carried his entire fortune and part of his Harem, Inscribed with the word Allah in gold 28,000 times

Choluk Bey, Captured the Maltese Galley Capitana

Would haul away any captives: women and boys to the harems and strong men to the oars of galleys

The Papacy

Pope Pius V

Died May 1572

I will raise arms against the Turks

Papal States

Wanted to stop the spread of Islam

Decreed to give each rower, sailor and officer a rosary before leaving Messina

Papal representative was near the fleet to bless the armada before set sail

Priests were onboard, heard confessions, blessed them

While meeting with his treasury that day Pope pius V walked to the window and said:, "This is not a moment for business; make haste to thank God, because our fleet this moment has won a victory over the Turks."

Decreed a memorial of the victory of "our Lady of Victory" every October 7th, Our Lady of Victory, Pope Gregory then changed it to our lady of the rosary, Our Lady of the Rosary

Urged all Christians to pray the rosary on behalf of the Holy League


Habsburg States of Spain

King Philip II of Spain, Don Juan de Austria, Supreme Comander, The Amada:, Galley Ship, 206 regular galleys, Propelled by human oarsmen, Two Masts with lanteen sails, 6 light guns: could only fire forwards or backwards, The Image of Our Lady of Guadalupe was on the ship, Venetian saker, falcon pedrero, verso, Galleas, artillery armed galley, Six, had 30-40 guns around all sides, built in secrecy, Played a crucial role, Made boarding and capture possible of enemy Turk ships, Quickly obliterated a third of the enemy fleet, Just 4 Galleas destroyed 108 Turkish Galleys, 100 Other Ships, Infanteria de Marina, Spanish Navy of Amphibious Warfare, Miguel de Cervantes, Aboard the Capitana, Lept aboard the enemy ship and was captured, 50,000 Infantry, Had sophisticated guns, 4,500 Calvary, Artillery, Illegitamit Son of Charles V, Alvaro de Bazan Santa Cruz, Spanish Navy Admiral, Commanded the reserve, His prompt manuevre averted disaster when Uluj Ali outmanuevred Andrea Doria, Order of the Golden Fleece, Half Brother of Philip, In the Real Flagship, Real Galley, The Real - Flagship arrived in Messina August 4th, 1571, refused to speak to Venier, All Galleys kneeled and prayed prior to battle, Commanded the galleys to ram the turkish ships, Engaged in hand to hand combat ship to ship, Promised freedom to oarsman slaves of Turks, Freed 12,000 of 16,000 slave oarsmen, Left Barcelona, Spain on 20th June 1571, Marcantonio Colonna, Principle Deputy of the Armada, Son of Charles V, Largest Contributors to the Battle of Lepanto

The Battle Timeline

July 1570

First Assembled

To aid Venetian defenders of Cyprus invaded by Ottomans

Intended to break Ottoman Turk's control of the Eastern Mediterranean Sea, Eastern Mediterranean

The Battle:

Strait of Messina

Gigantic Naval Base

Departed September 16, 1571, 26 September, the fleet arrived in the waters of Corfu now devastated by the pirate Ulugh Ali, Arrived Gulf of Patras October 6th, Battle at Gulf of Patras, Port of Lepanto, THE PLAN, The Venetian Galleases in the front of the fleet, The other Venetian Galleys protect the Real, Galleys would deploy in one line, formed a cross shape with the Galleases in front, Muskateers ontop of the decks to fire shots, Island of Oxia original destination

Defeated Ottomans October 7th, 1571

End of the Day the Seas were died blood red, Imagine the Hellish sounds of guns, cannons, whistles, trumpets, ramming, screaming, Floating Turbans, wood everywhere, When the word spread of the victory church bells rang throughout europe



Or Was it?

The Fleet of the Holy League


Republic of Venice, Agostino Barbarigo, Venetian Commander, Two Venetian Galleasses, Ambrogio Bragadin, Antonio Bragadin, 39 Venetian Galleys, Marco Querini, 12 Spanish and Neapolitan Galleys, Papal Galley, "Reign", Fabio Valicati, "Lanterna" of Venice Galley


Don John of Austria, Republic of Venice, Two Venetian Galleasses, Jacopo Guoro, Francesco Duodo, 29 Venetian Galleys, Sebastiano Venier, Paolo Giordano I Orsini, Doge of Venice after Lepanto, Old, Choleric and Irritable, Hanged one of Don Juan's officers because he didn't show enough respect to Venetian, Died 1578 of a broken heart after Doge Palace being burnt down, capitano generale da mar ("Chief admiral"), Commanded 75 galleys, Republic of Malta, 3 Galleys of Knights of Malta, Vittoria Galley Capitana, Captured by Uluj Ali Pasha, Pietro Giustiniani, Commanded the fleetunder the order of Malta, Order of St John/Knights of Hospitaller, Repbublic of Genoa, Eight Genoese Galleys, Ettore Spinola, Captian of Genoese galleys, Italian Sovereign Houses, Peter Lomellini Antonio Canal, Giorgio Grimaldi, Duke of Savoy, Andrea Provana Leinì, House of Medici, Cosimo de Medici, Twelve Tuscan Galleys, Order of Saint Stephen, Spain, Sixteen Spanish, Neapolitan and Savoy Galleys, The "Real", "Capitana de Castille", Luis de Requesens, "Capitana de Savoy", Prince of Urbino, Admiral of Savoy, Six Papal Galleys, "Capitana of His Holiness", Marcantonio Colonna, flagship of the Papal contingent


Republic of Genoa, Giovanni Andrea Doria, great-nephew of the famed Genoese admiral Andrea Doria, by whom he was later adopted, Admiral of the Genoese Fleet, Ettore Spinola

Venetian Galleasses