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Geographic Information Systems by Mind Map: Geographic Information Systems
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Geographic Information Systems

Introduction

Definition of Geographical Information

Definition of Geographic Information Systems

Hardware and Software Functions of the System

Comparison of GIS Database with Conventional Filing Cabinents

Benefits of GIS Systems

Relationship of GIS with the Human Cognitive Process

Definition of Cognitive

Cognitive Brain

Forms of Spatial Representation

Histoy of GIS

Early Years: Cro-Magnon Hunters

1854: John Snow's plotting of the cholera outbreak

1962: First True GIS

1964: Laboratory for Computer Graphics and Spatial Analysis

1970: Seminal Software Code Systems "SYMAP" "GRID" "ODYSSEY"

1982: Public Domain GIS

Early 20th Century: Photo Lithography

End of 20th Century: GIS Over the Internet

Application of GIS

Mapping

Emergency Response Planning

Market Research

Three-Dimensional GIS

Open Space GeoSpatial Consortium

What is the Open GeoSptial Consortium?

What problems do they try to address?

What does the OGC do?

From the Real World to GIS

Raster Model

Vector Model

Examples of GIS

Google Earth

NASA World Wind