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Geographic Information Systems by Mind Map: Geographic Information Systems
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Geographic Information Systems

Introduction

Definition of Geographical Information

Definition of Geographic Information Systems

Components of GIS, Hardware, Software, Data, People, Methods

Hardware and Software Functions of the System

Acquisition and Verification

Compilation

Storage

Updating and Changing

Management and Exchange

Manipulation

Retrieval and Presentation

Analysis and Combination

Comparison of GIS Database with Conventional Filing Cabinents

Benefits of GIS Systems

Safety, Fast Response and Efficiency

Security

Relationship of GIS with the Human Cognitive Process

Definition of Cognitive

Cognitive Brain

Environmental Psychological Perspective

GIS as tools for decision making

Forms of Spatial Representation

Image vs. Propositions

Hierarchical vs. Non Hierchical Structures

Frames of Reference

Histoy of GIS

Early Years: Cro-Magnon Hunters

1854: John Snow's plotting of the cholera outbreak

1962: First True GIS

1964: Laboratory for Computer Graphics and Spatial Analysis

1970: Seminal Software Code Systems "SYMAP" "GRID" "ODYSSEY"

1982: Public Domain GIS

Early 20th Century: Photo Lithography

End of 20th Century: GIS Over the Internet

Application of GIS

Mapping

Emergency Response Planning

Market Research

Three-Dimensional GIS

Open Space GeoSpatial Consortium

What is the Open GeoSptial Consortium?

What problems do they try to address?

What does the OGC do?

From the Real World to GIS

Raster Model

Vector Model

Examples of GIS

Google Earth

NASA World Wind