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Orchestrating Global Solution Networks by Mind Map: Orchestrating Global Solution Networks
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Orchestrating Global Solution Networks

Orchestration is an indirect mode of governance in which a lead organization (the orchestrator) enlists intermediary actors and organizations (the intermediaries) to influence the behavior of other actors (the targets) in line with the orchestrator’s goals. States, government agencies, local governments, IGOs, NGOs, business groups and other organizational entrepreneurs can employ the strategy of orchestration to tackle global issues where traditional forms of governance are gridlocked or ineffective.

Shaping: steering the goals, structures and activities of an orchestrator’s intermediaries to keep them in line with its own goals and priorities

The attributes of the orchestrator and its relationships with intermediaries, especially the forms and levels of support it offers, may give it a modest degree of leverage to shape individual intermediaries and steer their activities.

When and where are shaping and steering used?

What shaping techniques are available?

Initiating: enlisting appropriate intermediaries

Initiating is by far the most common strategy...

If appropriate intermediaries exist…

If they don’t exist…

Supporting: strengthening the governance impact of intermediaries

Once appropriate intermediaries have been identified or created, the orchestrator strengthens their governance impact by providing support.

Material support

Subjective support

Orchestrators must also be able to identify (or help create) intermediaries that...

If orchestration is governance through intermediaries, suitable intermediaries must be available for orchestration to succeed.

are capable of addressing the issue at hand

possess capacities that complement the orchestrator’s

have goals that are well aligned with those of the orchestrator

Orchestrators must possess at least some of the following characteristics:

In general, orchestrators possessing more of these characteristics are more likely to succeed, though the relative importance of each attribute will vary across contexts.



Material or subjective resources

Supportive culture