# Mix and Flow of Matter

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Mix and Flow of Matter

## 1. Fluids are used in technological devices and everyday materials.

### 1.1. 1.1 WHMIS Symbols and Saftey Procedures

1.1.1. Hazard Symbol: warning symbol to show that a material is hazardous.

1.1.2. WHMIS:Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System.

### 1.2. 1.2 The Many Uses of Fluids

1.2.1. Fluid: anything that has no fixed shape and can flow.

1.2.2. Pneumatic Systems: system that uses gas to move loads.

1.2.3. Hydraulic Systems:system that uses liquid to move loads.

## 2. The properties of gasses and liquids can be explained by the particle model of matter.

### 2.1. 3.1 Viscosity and the Effects of Temperature

2.1.1. Viscosity: liquids internal resistance or friction that keeps it from flowing.

### 2.2. 3.2 Density of Fluids

2.2.1. Density: mass per unit of volume.

### 2.3. 3.3 Density, Temperature, and Bouancy

2.3.1. Bouyant Force: upward force a fluid exerts on an object

2.3.2. Bouyancy:tendency of an object to float.

### 2.4. 3.4 Compression of Fluids

2.4.1. Compressibility: extent to which a substance can be compressed.

2.4.2. Incompressible: not capable of being compressed.

### 2.5. 3.5 Pressure in Fluids-Pascals Law

2.5.1. Pressure: measure of the amount of force applied to a given area.

2.5.2. Pascals Law: an enclosed liquid tranmits pressure equally in all directions

## 3. The properties of mixtures and fluids can be explained by the particle model of matter.

### 3.1. 2.1 Pure Substances and Mixtures

3.1.1. Pure Substance: substance made up of one type of matter

3.1.2. Mixture: combonation of two or more pure substances.

3.1.3. Mechanical Mixture: heterogeneous mixture.

3.1.4. Heterogeneous Mixture:mixture where different substances can be seen

3.1.5. Solution: homogeneous mixture.

3.1.6. Homogeneous Mixture: mixture where different substances can't be seen.

3.1.7. Suspension: cloudy ixture.

3.1.8. Colloid: cloudy mixture where particles cannot be seperated.

### 3.2. 2.2 Concentration and Solubility

3.2.1. Solute: substance that dissolves into a solevent.

3.2.2. Solevent: substance that dissolves a solute.

3.2.3. Concentration:amount of solute in a solevent.

3.2.4. Unsaturated Solution: solution where more solute can be dissolved into solevent.

3.2.5. Saturated Solution:solution where no more solute can be dissolved into a solevent.

3.2.6. Solubility: ability to dissolve.

3.2.7. Saturation Point: point where no more solute can be dissolved into a solevent.

### 3.3. 2.3 Factors Affecting Solubility

3.3.1. Aqueous Solution: solution where water is the solevent.

3.3.2. Particle Model of Matter: model that explains the behaviors of solids, liquids and gases

## 4. Many technologies are based on the properties of fluids

### 4.2. 4.2 Technologies Based on Flow Rates and Moving Fluids

4.2.1. Pump: a device that moves fluid through or into something.