INDIAN CONSTITUTION

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INDIAN CONSTITUTION by Mind Map: INDIAN CONSTITUTION

1. TIPS to use Mind Map

1.1. NOTES - Click on icon to read notes. If the note is long, scroll up and down or sideways.

1.2. ATTACHMENT - Click on icon for image preview. Click on the image to view enlarged image.

1.3. EXTERNAL LINK - Click on the arrow icon to visit an external website

2. What is a constitution?

2.1. A Constitution helps serve as a set of rules and principles that all persons in a country can agree upon as the basis of the way in which they want the country to be governed. This includes not only the type of government but also the ideals that they believe the country should follow.

3. Why do we need a constitution?

3.1. Set of basic rules

3.2. Type of government

3.3. Limits the powers of government

3.4. Aspirations of society

3.5. Fundamental Identity

4. Authority of the constitution

4.1. Mode of Framing

4.2. Substantive Provisions

4.3. Balanced Institutional Design

4.4. Principle of Deliberation

4.5. Inheritance of Nationalist struggle

5. The making

5.1. Background

5.2. Constituent Assembly

5.2.1. Composition

5.2.2. Leadership & Committees

5.3. Task of Framing

6. A working document. Not STATIC

6.1. Amendments

6.1.1. Procedure

6.1.1.1. Simple Majority

6.1.1.2. Special Majority

6.1.1.2.1. 2/3rds Majority

6.1.1.2.2. Ratification by States

6.1.2. Past amendments

6.1.3. Constitution Review Commission

7. Did you know

7.1. UK's constitution is not a single written document.

7.2. In Switzerland, people can directly participate in amending their Constitution

7.3. The Constitution of India has had 99 amendments since it was written in 1950 making it the most amended Constitution in the world

7.4. While all democratic countries probably have a Constitution, it is not necessary that all countries that have a Constitution are democratic.

8. Republic Day

8.1. On 26 January 1950, the Constitution of India was adopted. The 'Constitution' replaced the 'Government of India Act(1935)' as the governing document of India. That is why we celebrate Jan 26 every year as our Republic Day. 26 January was selected because it was on this day in 1930 when the Declaration of Indian Independence (Purna Swaraj) was proclaimed.

9. The Constitution

9.1. Preamble

9.2. Main features

9.2.1. Federalism

9.2.2. Parliamentary form of Government

9.2.3. Fundamental Rights

9.2.4. Separation of powers

9.2.5. Secularism

9.3. Directive Principles

9.3.1. Meaning

9.3.2. Fundamental Rights & Directive Principles

9.3.3. Effects & Programmes