Special Education Categories and Accommodations

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Special Education Categories and Accommodations by Mind Map: Special Education Categories and Accommodations

1. Autism

1.1. Intervention

1.1.1. Minimized visual distractions, reduction of visual clutter, and natural lighting (Stokes)

1.2. Modification

1.2.1. Use Task Analysis –very specific, tasks in sequential order (Hensley)

1.3. Assistive Technology

1.3.1. "Picture This" This program allows for the presentation of real photos, without risking ambiguous background clutter (Stokes)

2. Deaf-Blindness

2.1. Intervention

2.1.1. Small group and individual Instruction (tsbvi.com)

2.2. Modification

2.2.1. A personalized curriculum with self pace (projectsalute)

2.3. Assistive Technology

2.3.1. Deaf-Blind Communicator (DBC) (Bhattacharyya)

3. Deafness

3.1. Intervention

3.1.1. Instruction in a large group (tsbvi.com)

3.2. Modification

3.2.1. Use of an Interpreter (online.sju)

3.3. Assistive Technology

3.3.1. C-Print which is a speech-to-text computer system (online.sju)

4. Developmental Delay

4.1. Intervention

4.1.1. Early interventions - Early intervention specialists talk to the family about activities, games, and exercises they can do to assist their child and discuss the family's needs

4.2. Modification

4.2.1. Break down tasks into smaller steps (do2learn)

4.3. Assistive Technology

4.3.1. Ginger Software - Communicate quickly and accurately with Ginger’s intuitive, writing experience and with writing tools that help you express yourself.

5. Emotional Disturbance

5.1. Intervention

5.1.1. Engage student in role-play opportunities to practice appropriate responses (do2learn)

5.2. Assistive Technology

5.2.1. Visual/Auditory Prompts - Devices that provide speech, visual and/or auditory prompts regarding student behavior or steps to be completed in an academic task, rules, and other important sequences (Parette, Crowley, Wojcik)

5.3. Modification

5.3.1. Break assignments into “chunks” to avoid overwhelming the student (do2learn)

6. Hearing Impairment

6.1. Intervention

6.1.1. Seat the student in the second row and a little off to one side of the classroom. If he or she has a better hearing ear, that ear should be facing the teacher (Anderson)

6.2. Modification

6.2.1. Student notetakers can be used so that the student with hearing loss can focus on the instruction (Anderson)

6.3. Assistive Technology

6.3.1. The teacher wears a microphone transmitter and the child is able to hear the teacher’s voice through the FM device (Anderson)

7. Intellectual Disability

7.1. Intervention

7.1.1. Ask student for input about how they learn best, and help them to be in control of their learning (do2learn)

7.2. Modification

7.2.1. Proceed in small ordered steps and review each frequently (do2learn)

7.3. Assistive Technology

7.3.1. Communicators are computers that allow a person to communicate audibly by pointing to particular images, or typing in a message (vtnetwork)

8. Multiple Disabilities

8.1. Intervention

8.1.1. Peer tutoring has been proven to have positive results for students with multiple disabilities (projectidealonline)

8.2. Modification

8.2.1. Individualized curriculum and pacing to help with each disability

8.3. Assistive Technology

8.3.1. Interactive white board that are connected with computers (SmartBoards)

9. Orthopedic Impairment

9.1. Intervention

9.1.1. Instruction focused on development of gross and fine motor skills (projectidealonline)

9.2. Modification

9.2.1. Adapted Physical Education Teachers, who are specially trained PE teachers who work along with the OT and PT to develop an exercise program to help students with disabilities

9.3. Assistive Technology

9.3.1. Specialized chairs, desks, and tables for proper posture development

10. Other Health Impairment

10.1. Intervention

10.1.1. Teach critical instruction in the mornings (Brock)

10.2. Modification

10.2.1. Keep assignments brief with immediate feedback (Brock)

10.3. Assistive Technology

10.3.1. Talking calculators

11. Specific Learning Disability

11.1. Intervention

11.1.1. Specialized tutoring to help with specific disabilty

11.2. Modification

11.2.1. Let students participate in hands on intensive learning

11.3. Assistive Technology

11.3.1. a Text to Speech software with natural sounding voices

11.4. Case Study

11.4.1. https://www.dynaread.com/case-study-age-ten

12. Speech or Language Impairment

12.1. Intervention

12.1.1. work on the early developing sounds “k, g, f.” With a visual models and cues

12.2. Modification

12.2.1. Allow students to substitute oral assignments with written ones (fentress)

12.3. Assistive Technology

12.3.1. First Words, a language program that has a number of applications for teaching those who are developing or reacquiring language functions

12.4. Case Study

12.4.1. http://glennweybright.com/case-studies/little-girl-with-an-articulation-disorder/

13. Visual Impairment, Including Blindness

13.1. Intervention

13.1.1. The teacher needs to explain everything she is doing, clearly and concisely

13.2. Modification

13.2.1. Extra time on assignments, especially when first learning

13.3. Assistive technology

13.3.1. Keyboard shortcuts for using computers

13.4. Case Study

13.4.1. http://www.washington.edu/doit/robbie-and-computer-course-case-study-computing-access-students-who-are-blind

14. Traumatic Brain Injury

14.1. Intervention

14.1.1. Have consistent routines. This helps the student know what to expect. If the routine is going to change, let the student know ahead of time (projectidealonline)

14.2. Modification

14.2.1. Show the student how to perform new tasks. Give examples to go with new ideas and concepts

14.3. Assistive Technology

14.3.1. Tinted overlays for reading (this may help with visual processing)