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Battling School Segregation by Mind Map: Battling School Segregation
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Battling School Segregation

Plessy v. Ferguson

1896 Supreme Courte case that established the "separate-but-equal" doctrine.

NAACP

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. Focused on ending segregation in public schools.

Thurgood Marshall

An attorney for the NAACP.  He went on to become a Supreme Court Justice, and led courtroom battles against segregation.

Brown v. Board of Education

In the early 1950s, five school segregation cases from Delaware, Kansas, South Carolina, Virginia, and Washington D.C., came together under the title of Brown v. Board of Education. Background information: Seven-year-old Linda Brown, an African American student from Topeka, Kansas lived near a school for white children.  She had to travel across town to get to the school for black children.  Linda's father and the NAACP came together and sued to allow Linda to attend the white school that was closer to her home.  On may 17, 1954, the Supreme Court ruled that segregation in public schools was illegal.

Little Rock Nine

Only a few schoold began desregating in 1954.  In Little Rock, Arkansas, one high school allowed nine black students to attend.  The nine students became known as the Little Rock Nine.  Governor Orval Faubus tried to prevent this integration by having National Guard troops block the Little Rock Nice from entering the school.  The situation became to terrible that President Eisnehower sent federal troops to escort the students into school.