The Modals

Meanings and examples of the English modal verbs

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The Modals by Mind Map: The Modals

1. Ability

1.1. can

1.2. could

1.3. be able to

2. Probability

2.1. may

2.2. might

3. Obligation

3.1. must

3.2. have to

3.3. need to

4. Lack of obligation

4.1. don't/doesn't have to

4.2. needn't

5. Advice

5.1. should

5.2. ought to

6. Polite request

6.1. May

6.2. Could

7. Prohibition

7.1. mustn't

8. Certainty/possibility

8.1. must

9. Certainty/impossibility

9.1. can't