Fishman, J. (1998-99) The New Lingusitic Order

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Fishman, J. (1998-99) The New Lingusitic Order by Mind Map: Fishman, J. (1998-99)  The New Lingusitic Order

1. 4. Looking ahead

1.1. Smallest world languages would be threatened with extinction. So, many smaller countries would chose to limit the use of powerful global language in their countries.

1.1.1. USA seems that supports the use of different languages due to Usa does not have an official language, but it does not.

1.2. US government has long support on Jakarta and stress the use of Indonesia's official language.

1.3. There is conflict between exclusive use, such as government or schooling.

1.4. The prediction for the future that made by Fishman is that English will become a common language that wildly used in economic and politic around the world. However, due to many reason such as, religion, local population the reginal language will rising and against with the English. The future condition that may become people will use different language in different event.

2. 2. Love Thy Neighbor's Language

2.1. the origins of the spread of English

2.1.1. Fishman's view: English was spread by the British ship.

2.1.2. common perception: English was spread by Microsoft and Disney.

2.2. English has spread recently

2.2.1. English has spread recently by the mass media through the Internet that let the language affect human's daily life.

2.2.2. English has also spread by the students who will go abroad to the English spoken countries.

2.3. The spread of regional languages

2.3.1. The regional interactions

2.3.1.1. commerce

2.3.1.1.1. The example of Africa

2.3.1.2. migration

2.3.1.3. supported by governments

2.3.1.3.1. Goethe Institute

2.3.1.3.2. "Speak Mandarin" campaign in Singapore

2.4. The importance of regional languages.

2.4.1. Regional languages promote the agriculture, economy, politics, industry, education and culture.

3. 1. Introduction

3.1. Begins with broad context and data about the use of English worldwide.

3.2. Thesis: English will wane and lose its power.

3.3. ROAD MAP

3.3.1. English reaches only a small and fortunate minority.

3.3.2. Interactions have also encouraged the spread of regional languages.

3.3.3. Minority languages are beginning to assert their power in the face of English and other dominant languages.

4. 3. Home is where the tongue is

4.1. Local languages preserve the local culture and history of local regions.

4.2. The author gives us some example that student will get better understanding by teaching them in local language. In addition, local government can spread agriculture and industrial information by using local tongue. Therefore the significance of local language

4.3. The author thinks that local language will extinct during the conflict between the global language and regional language, so local language speakers desire for "authenticity".