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Aristotle's Philosophy by Mind Map: Aristotle
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Aristotle's Philosophy

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WHAT IS A TELEOLOICAL SYSTEM?

Final Cause- What is the ultimate purpose of the thing

Efficient Cause- The actual force used to make things

Formal Cause- The shape or form a thing must take in order to be recognized.

Material Cause- Material form which the thing is made.

Believed that everything in this world has causes.

HOW DOES ARISTOTLE DIFFER FROM PLATO AND SOCRATES?

Applies a scientific model to philosophical investigation

He does not believe in another world everything we understand we touch.

Scientific and practical thinker.

All forms of life have nutritive, reproductive, and locomotive power.

HOW DO OUR SENSES DIFFER FROM OTHER ANIMALS?

Humans have special intellectual power called reason, which is ability to comprehend universals.

More complex animals have problem solving ability.

Animals differ by having power of sensation and perception.

BIOLOGY

Must begin with senses in order to engage the problem of knowledge.

We have been given senses to use them to understand the world.

Nature does nothing by chance.

Metaphysics, "All men by nature desire to know.