Plato disagreed with this., He believed that nature does nothing by chance. We have been given senses to use them to understand the world.
More complex animals have intellectual power (problem solving ability)., Aristotle argues that humans have a special intellectual power called reason, which is the ability to come comprehend universal ideas.
He does not believe in the world of Forms, but thinks that everything that we can understand are the things we can touch., He creates and applies a scientific model to Philosophical investigation.
Material Cause- The material from which the thing is made., Formal Cause- The shape of form a thing must take in order to be recognized., Efficient Cause- The actual force used to make things., Final Cause- What is the ultmate purpose of the thing.
The formal cause was that it was in the form of a prime young male., The efficient cause was that it was chizzled from a block of marble., The final cause was that it was a didacted sculpture that tought beauty, perfection, and mathematical perfection.
Each thing that we see is a part of a teleological (Goal Oriented) system., According to Aristotle- Your goal is to be a person with virtue.