Aristotle's Philosophy

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Aristotle's Philosophy by Mind Map: Aristotle's Philosophy

1. How does this apply to ethics

1.1. The final cause for which humans are created is happiness.

1.1.1. Eudamonia

1.2. Ethics is the study of how humans obtain happiness.

1.3. Aristotle breaks this idea down scientifically and provides specific ways for a person to become virtuous.

2. Where do the forms recide?

2.1. The forms are inside the things themselves.

2.2. Everything we see is part of a telogical goal oriented system.

2.2.1. The human goal is to be happy.

3. What is the telogical system?

3.1. Everything in this world has causes.

3.1.1. (Material Cause)- The material form which the thing is made of.

3.1.2. (Formal Cause)- The shape or form a thing must take in order to be recognized.

3.1.3. (Efficient Cause)- The actual force used to make the thing.

3.1.4. (Final Cause)- What is the ultimate purpose of the thing.

3.1.4.1. The final cause is to teach and the viewer to gain some sort of knowledge.

3.1.4.2. To teach us virtue of reason.

4. How does Aristotle differ from Plato and Socrates?

4.1. Aristotle is a scientist and practical thinker.

4.2. He does not believe in the world of forms, in contrast he believes everything that exists we can touch.

4.3. He applies science to his philosophical investigation.

5. How do our senses differ from other animals?

5.1. All forms of life have a nutritive, reproductive, and locomotive power.

5.2. Animals differ by having the power of sensation and perception.

5.3. Some complex animals have problem solving ability.

5.4. Reason and the ability to comprehend universals is what differentiates human from animals.

6. Aristotle's Biology

6.1. All men by nature have the desire to know

6.2. Nature does nothing by chance. we are given senses to understand them.

6.3. to figure out the problem of knowledge we must begin with the senses.