Aristotle's Philosophy

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Aristotle's Philosophy by Mind Map: Aristotle's Philosophy

1. Biology

1.1. Metaphysics states "All men by nature desire to know, an example is the delight we take in our senses."

1.2. nature does nothing by chance. senses are given to us to use to understand the world.

1.3. to engage the problem, we must use our senses

2. How do our senses differ from other animals?

2.1. all life is nutritive, reproductive, and locomotive

2.2. animals differ by haivng the power of sensation adn perception

2.3. humans have a special intellectual power, Reason, ability to comprehend universals

3. How does Aristotle differ from Plato and Socrates?

3.1. scientific and practical thinker

3.2. not beleive in the World of Forms but everything we can understand are the thing we can touch

3.3. creates and applies a scientific modleto philosophical investigation

4. What is a teleological system?

4.1. believed everything in this world has causes. they are as follows.

4.1.1. Maretial cause- which things are made

4.1.2. Formal Cause- shape or form a thing must take to be recognized

4.1.3. Efficient Cause- the actual force

4.1.4. Final Cause- the ultimate purpose of the thing

5. Doryphorus

5.1. Material Cause- marble or stone

5.2. Formal Cause- nude male, athletic, contropasto, head tilted in thought

5.3. Efficient Cause- chisle, hammer, sandpaper

5.4. Final Cause- to teach us something, didactic

5.4.1. to tell us virtues i.e. strength, reason, reason controlling strength, bravery, arete

5.4.2. young Greek man in the prime of his life out defending his polis, what every Greek should want to become

5.4.3. mathematical precision, phi, teaches that math is beauty

6. Where to Forms reside?

6.1. lies inside themselves

6.2. i.e. the oak tree is inside the Acorn....know as days we call it DNA

6.3. each thing that we see is part of a teleological (Goal oriented) system.