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Aristotle's Philosophy by Mind Map: Aristotle
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Aristotle's Philosophy

Biology

Metaphysics states "All men by nature desire to know, an example is the delight we take in our senses."

nature does nothing by chance. senses are given to us to use to understand the world.

to engage the problem, we must use our senses

How do our senses differ from other animals?

all life is nutritive, reproductive, and locomotive

animals differ by haivng the power of sensation adn perception

humans have a special intellectual power, Reason, ability to comprehend universals

How does Aristotle differ from Plato and Socrates?

scientific and practical thinker

not beleive in the World of Forms but everything we can understand are the thing we can touch

creates and applies a scientific modleto philosophical investigation

What is a teleological system?

believed everything in this world has causes. they are as follows.

Maretial cause- which things are made

Formal Cause- shape or form a thing must take to be recognized

Efficient Cause- the actual force

Final Cause- the ultimate purpose of the thing

Doryphorus

Material Cause- marble or stone

Formal Cause- nude male, athletic, contropasto, head tilted in thought

Efficient Cause- chisle, hammer, sandpaper

Final Cause- to teach us something, didactic

to tell us virtues i.e. strength, reason, reason controlling strength, bravery, arete

young Greek man in the prime of his life out defending his polis, what every Greek should want to become

mathematical precision, phi, teaches that math is beauty

Where to Forms reside?

lies inside themselves

i.e. the oak tree is inside the Acorn....know as days we call it DNA

each thing that we see is part of a teleological (Goal oriented) system.