He disagreed with Plato and Socrates and believed that we were given our senses to use them to understand the world. (Plato and Socrates said that senses would lead us astray,away from the the Truth, and trap us in the world of illusion., To 'engage' the problem of knowledge we must begin with our senses
All living beings share 3 things: nutritive, reproductive, and locomotive power., Plants, Plants have all these 3 but nothing else, Animals, Animals also have problem-solving abilities (intellectual power)., Humans have a special intellectual power : REASON. (the ability to make a choice based on the environment around them) *( ability to comprehend universals?)
Does not believe in the 'world of forms'. EVERYTHING WE CAN UNDERSTAND ARE THE TRUTH.
*He creates and applies a scientific model to philosophical investigation.
Provided four classes of causes:, Material Cause:, *The Material from which the thing is made., Formal Cause:, *The shape or form a thing must take in order to be recognized., Efficient Cause, *The actual force used to make the thing, FINAL CAUSE, * The ultimate purpose of the thing, ONCE ONE UNDERSTANDS THE CAUSE OF SOMETHING, IT'S THE ONLY WAY YOU CAN UNDERSTAND WHATEVER THE THING MAY BE., for humans : ultimate happiness; CONSTANT HAPPINESS THROUGH MORAL PERFECTION
Where do the forms reside?, Thought that the forms lie inside the things themselves. 1.Example; the form of the oak lies in the acorn.., *Each thing that we see is part of a teleological(goal-oriented) system., What humans want : To be a morally excellent/fully ethical person who is virtuous [aka - arete], What Aristotle thought was virtuous: !!!! MORAL AND INTELLECT !!!!
FC: Perfection, reason, male, nude, young, warrior, thinking
EC: Chisela and hammer
Final Cause: * A didactic piece of sculpture. It teaches Greek virtues of reason, math is beauty, mathematical perfection, aesthetics.