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1. Facts

1.1. Greek expansion transformed the Mediterranean by bringing urban life to the most of its coastline.

1.2. Development of the polis

1.3. Earliest certain sing of existence of polis was the ability to create new polis by colonization

1.3.1. Difference is the geographical location

1.4. Choose a particular site for having good harbours, fertile land nearby and to be easily defensible

1.4.1. Many colonies has precise purposes

1.5. Importance of defence in colonizations

1.6. The Greeks preferred inhabitated areas or where the natives were primitive and ill-organizated

1.7. Colonies tender to cluster along trade routes for reasons of supply and communication

1.8. Colonies exploited the natural resources of their area as soon as they were stablished.

1.9. The availability of land and the population growth go together as cause and effect

1.10. The city has to organize settlement abroad in order to avoid disruption at home.

1.10.1. It's a major factor for the growth of the population

1.11. The number of colonist were small (200 or less)

1.11.1. The settlers were unmarried men of fighting age Some of them comes with family (minory), others wait that their Greek woman comes later

1.12. They began fortifying the settlement and dividing the land

1.13. They use as labour force the natives as peasant serfs (agricultural colonies)

1.14. The last comers to the Greek foundations obtains the citizenship and land but not in a equality way.

1.15. The colonist were chosen by lot from brother to brother (in a compulsory way)

1.16. The leader is an aristocrat but one whose physical defects make him expendable

2. Examples

2.1. Less archaeological evidence when Greece emerge into urban development

2.2. First settlement was Sicily founded by Euobeans / Chalcis / Corinthians.

2.3. Black Sea was colonized in the early 7th Century by Miletus.

2.3.1. In the North, exports slaves and corn

2.4. Cyrene was founded from the island of Thera.

2.5. Sicilian Naxos has high priority of defence and communication

2.6. the capture of Corcyra by Corinth example of foundation related to the protection of trade routes

2.7. Pottery and other manufactures were trading by Corinthians

2.8. The Phocaeans were the first of the Greeks to make long voyages

2.8.1. Their trading enterprise lasted until they fled from the Persians to their Corsican colony of Alalia

2.9. Eretrian colonist Corcyra tried to return home but they couldn't so they salied to Thracian Methone to found a new colony

2.10. There's a document were describes the colonization of Sicily explaining the age of colony, the original settlers and the founder (aristocratic leader)

2.11. Plans that divide the land into public, private and religious

2.11.1. Megara Hyblaea in Sicily

2.11.2. Naxos

2.11.3. Siracuse

2.12. Thera inhabitated by Dorian Greeks in the Aegean had a vulcano that erupted and destroyer the most of the settlements so they have to move to other places.

3. Factors

3.1. Expansions

3.1.1. Political factors

3.2. Economic

3.2.1. The search for land

3.3. Religious

3.3.1. Delphi and the cult of Apollo the leader

4. Consequences

4.1. Areas colonized

4.1.1. Economic prosperity

4.1.2. Degree of explotation

4.1.3. Diffusion of the dominant culture

4.2. Homeland

4.2.1. Prosperity

4.3. Religion

4.3.1. Delphi and Apollo the Leader benefits (wealthy)

4.4. Political