TSH

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TSH by Mind Map: TSH

1. TSH

1.1. TSH alone is a very intricate hormone affecting three separate glands and the entire development process of human beings

1.2. TSH, or the thyroid-stimulating hormone, is a pituitary hormone that stimulates the thyroid to produce thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3), which then stimulates the metabolism of almost every cell in the body

1.3. “TSH is produced once the hypothalamus releases a substance called TSH regulating hormone; following this release, the pituitary gland is triggered to in turn release TSH which then causes the production of T3 and T4 by the thyroid”

1.4. looking at the production of TSH as a chain reaction, the “hypothalamus produces the TSH regulating hormone, which then stimulates the pituitary to release TSH, which then is concluded by the thyroid producing T3 and T4

2. T3(Triiodothyronine)

2.1. T3) is the most powerful thyroid hormone and affects almost every process in the body including body temperature regulation, growth, development, and heart rate.

2.2. T3 while being the most powerful only accounts for 20 percent of the hormone production.

3. In conclusion, TSH is a very complex hormone, and without it, we as humans would not be a functioning species.

4. Complications

4.1. If the thyroid happened to be underactive (hypothyroidism), or overactive (hyperthyroidism), the body could suffer significant changes

4.2. During the first three years of life, the thyroid is a vital gland in that it regulates brain development. If an infant suffers from hypothyroidism, they could possibly suffer from mental retardation, due to the fact that the thyroid is failing to regulate the development of the brain

4.3. If an adult is suffering from hyperthyroidism, typical signs include weight loss, anxiousness, tachycardia, diarrhea, and in women irregular menstrual cycles

4.4. If an adult is suffering hypothyroidism, they will display polar opposite “side effects such as weight gain, fatigue, constipation, and for women frequent menstrual cycles

5. T4(Thyroxine )

5.1. Thyroxine (T4) is the main hormone produced, and accounts for 80 percent of the hormone production, and is responsible for the metabolism of cells in the body.

5.2. (T4) is the main hormone produced, and accounts for 80 percent of the hormone production, and is responsible for the metabolism of cells in the body.