THE AUSTRALIAN ABORIGINES

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THE AUSTRALIAN ABORIGINES by Mind Map: THE AUSTRALIAN ABORIGINES

1. RABBIT PROOF FENCE

1.1. B.THE STOLEN GENERATION

1.2. 1. Definition

1.2.1. For a century , from 1869 to 1969, the Aborigines are victims of displacement . Aboriginal children , especially mixed race children (aboriginal mother and a white father) , are moved.

1.2.2. This is even allowed by law between 1909 and 1969 , as part of the White Australia policy

1.2.3. Governments , churches and welfare organizations all participated , under the supervision of the Aboriginal Protection Board .

1.2.4. Some children never saw their families ...

1.2.5. Indigenous people are still traumatized by this policy, which ended 40 years ago !

2. INTRODUCTION

2.1. I. THE HISTORY OF ABORIGINES

2.1.1. A. Who are they ?

2.1.2. B. Colonization

2.2. II. RABBIT PROOF FENCE

2.2.1. A. The movie

2.2.2. B. The stolen generation

2.3. CONCLUSION

3. THE HISTORY OF ABORIGINES

3.1. B. COLONIZATION

3.1.1. XVIII century

3.2. 1. The arrival of English

3.2.1. They settled in future Sydney Harbour

3.2.2. The colonizers saw Australia like "Terra Nullius" --> Earth person

3.2.2.1. No form of government

3.2.2.1.1. No land permanently occupied

3.2.2.1.2. Aborigines were Black worthless

3.2.2.1.3. Aboriginal rights on their land were not recognized

3.2.2.1.4. Between Aborigines and settlers , conflicts were numerous , frequent.

3.3. 2. Second half of the twentieth century: towards acceptance of aboriginal

3.3.1. World War II = Aborigines fight with Australian army

3.3.2. This new situation brought about an awareness

3.3.3. After WW II --> assimilation of aborigines = government's target

3.3.4. Aboriginal rights = restricted

3.3.5. In parallel , education and organization of Aborigines develop. A political movement to defend their land rights was born

3.3.6. From the 1970s , Aboriginal communities have taken their destiny in hand

4. THE HISTORY OF ABORIGINES

4.1. A. WHO ARE THEY ?

4.1.1. A people of Australia

4.1.1.1. Named indigenous

4.1.2. Women and children gather various fruits, vegetables, grains and small animals

4.1.3. The nation "aboriginal" no exist

4.2. 1. Aboriginal tribes

4.2.1. Nomads

4.2.2. Men hunt

4.2.2.1. Women and children gather various fruits, vegetables, grains and small animals

4.3. 2. Language and population size

4.3.1. 500 languages in their community

4.3.2. On arrival = 1 million

4.3.2.1. Now = 265 000

4.3.2.1.1. This is representing 1.6 %

5. RABBIT PROOF FENCE

5.1. A. THE MOVIE

5.1.1. Rabbit-Proof Fence is an Australian drama movie directed by Phillip Noyce based on the book Follow the Rabbit-Proof Fence by Doris Pilkington Garimara in 2002.

5.1.1.1. "Grillage anti-lapins"

5.2. 1. A plot

5.2.1. In 1931, 3 girls (Molly, Gracie and Daisy) lived happy with their mothers

5.2.2. Mr Neville removes small aboriginal girls in their families to take them at Camp Moore River, at the other end of the continent

5.2.3. The conditions are dark. The children are crammed into huge dormitories, malnourished

5.2.4. Molly decides to flee with Gracie and Daisy, and all three begin a journey of over 2000 kilometers from

5.3. 2. The epilogue

5.3.1. The epilogue of the movie shows recent pictures of Molly and Daisy

5.3.2. In the real life, Gracie is died in this camp

5.3.2.1. Molly announced that her daughters were also taken to the camps

5.3.2.1.1. It is a dark time

6. CONCLUSION

6.1. Australian state still seeks solutions

6.2. Acculturation = Australian Westernized Culture

6.3. Mutual racism against Aborigines

6.4. The official apology from the Australian government to aboriginal communities dates only from 2008

6.4.1. Aborigines have their own flag

6.5. Aborigines have suffered centuries of oppression "white" . Despite some efforts by the Australian authorities , the sequences are still present.

7. Since their arrival in Australia, how the Aborigines have envolved ?