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BIOLOGY by Mind Map: BIOLOGY

1. 1 Kingdom Monera

1.1. The Kingdom Monera is formade by unicelular prokaryotes. The most well-known are bacteria , wich we will be studyng this year.

1.1.1. 1.1 What are bacteria?

1.1.1.1. Bacteria are the most numerous organisms on Earth. They are found in the air, in wáter,in the ground, on our skin, and even in our interestines.

1.1.1.1.1. The vital functions of bacteria

1.1.2. 1.2 Types of bacteria

1.1.2.1. Bacteria are classify acording to their shape: cocci are spherical, bicilli are long, vibrios are curved in the shape of a comma, spirochaetes are corkscrew-shaped strands.

1.1.3. 1.3 Bacteria, people and the enviroment

1.1.3.1. Harmful bacteria

1.1.3.1.1. These are parasitic bacteria and can cause illnesses in people,. Illnisses caused by bacteria are treated with antibiotics.

1.1.3.2. Helpful bacteria

1.1.3.2.1. Some bacteria live in symbioses with humans. Others are saprophytic and the remains of the living beings in the enviroment. Some saprophytic bacteria are used to make cheese, yogurt an vinegar.

2. 2 Kingdom protoctista

2.1. The kingdom Protoctista is formade by eukariotic unicelular and multicelular organisims. Protozoa and algae belown to this kingdom.

2.1.1. 2.1 Protozoa

2.1.1.1. Protozoa are microscopic unicelular organisms whose eukaryotic cell is similar to that of animals. They live in aqueous enviroment.

2.1.1.1.1. The vital functions of protozoa

2.1.1.1.2. Protozoa, people and the enviroment

2.1.2. 2.2 Algae

2.1.2.1. Algae are eukaryotic organisims that can be unicelular or multicellular. Their cells are similar to those of plants: they have chloroplasts and cell walls.

2.1.2.1.1. The functions of algae

2.1.2.1.2. Algae, people and the enviroment

3. 3 Kingdom fungi

3.1. 3.1 What are fungi

3.1.1. The kingdom fungi is formade by eukaryotic unicelular and multicelular organisms whose cells do not have chloroplasts and have cell walls. The body of multicelular fungi is called the micelium and is formade by a series of strands called hyphae.

3.1.2. Fungi live in damp places where the temperatura is mild and where they are protected from the light

3.1.3. The vital functions of fungi

3.1.3.1. Nutrition

3.1.3.1.1. Fungi exhibit heterotrophic nutrition. Depending on how they get nutrients, fungi may be saprophytic or parasitic:

3.1.3.2. Interaction

3.1.3.2.1. Fungi are generally attached to the grond, although some unicelular ones can live on fruit, plants, etc.

3.1.3.3. Reproduction

3.1.3.3.1. Fungi reproduce through spores. In many of them, the reproductive structure is what we call a mushroom.

3.2. 3.2 Different types of fungi

3.2.1. There are many varieties of fungi, such as:

3.2.1.1. Mushroom-producing fungi: These are multicelular fungi that grow in Woods.

3.2.1.2. Moulds: Moulds are multicelular fungi that grow on foods.

3.2.1.3. Yeast: are unicelular fungi.

3.3. 3.3 Fungi, people and the enviroment

3.3.1. Humus in the soil which is where plants get their nutrients. Truffles and boletus, are highly prized in gourmet cuisine. We get antibiotics from some moulds. Yeast is used to make wine and beer. Lichen is used as a pollution indicator, it means there is little pollution there.