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Past Simple vs. Past Perfect by Mind Map: Past Simple vs. Past
Perfect
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Past Simple vs. Past Perfect

Past Perfect

Two past activities in the same sentence

When we use it

For reports what people had said, thought or believed.

For talking about what happened before some point in the past, How?, Look back on actions in the past from the present

Express the cause of another past action/state

To emphasize the fact that certain activity was completed or finished by a certain time in the past

With Reported speech

When we wont to show our dissatisfaction with the past

Time expressions

Ever

Never

Since

Word formation

Regular verbs, Had and the -ed form, Positive form, Negative form, Interrogative form

Irregular verbs, Had and Past Participle

Past Simple

When we use it

To talk about actions in the past that have finished, How?, It talks about 'then' and excludes 'now

For a past action when the time is given

When we report about past events in chronological order

When we talk about longer action that have a duration which started and stoped in the past

For describing a habit which stopped in the past

For repeated past actions or habits

For describing past facts or generalizations which are no longer true

Time expresions

Yesterday

Ago

Last year

In 1991

At 3 o'clock

From Monday to Friday

Word formation

Regular verbs, Positive form, add -ed to the base form, Negative form, Interrogative form

Irregular verbs, Can change in many different ways, Positive form, Negative form, Interrogative form