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Conceptual Questions by Mind Map: Conceptual Questions
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Conceptual Questions

is a reaction spontaneous?

Thermodynamics

Gibbs Free Energy, Enthalpy, Hess's Law, Heats of formation, bond dissociation energies, Entropy

How ...

are bonds in a molecule formed?

Molecular Structure, Qualitative Concepts, Octet Rule, Lewis Dot, Localized electrons, VSEPR, Quantum Mechanics, Hybridization, Molecular Orbitals, bonding, overlap between mixing orbitals, energy difference between mixing orbitals, shape/phase, resonance, Schrödinger Equation, Particle-in-box, Wavelike electrons, Confinement, Shape: nodes/phases, Molecules: same math, different V(r)

are bonds oriented?

is electronic structure quantized?

Spectroscopy, NMR, IR, UV-Vis, microwave

does a reaction take place (what is the mechanism)?

Reaction Mechanisms, Elementary steps, Rate-determining step, Rapid pre-equilibrium

Why ...

are bond arranged in a particular geometry?

Electronic Structure, Atomic Structure, Orbitals, Valence, Periodic Trends, Electron affinity, Ionization Potential, Atomic radius, Electronegativity, Molecular Structure, Qualitative Concepts, Octet Rule, Lewis Dot, Localized electrons, VSEPR, Quantum Mechanics, Hybridization, Molecular Orbitals, bonding, overlap between mixing orbitals, energy difference between mixing orbitals, covalent vs. ionic, shape/phase, diamagnetic vs. paramagnetic, Schrödinger Equation, Particle-in-box, Wavelike electrons, Confinement, Shape: nodes/phases, Molecules: same math, different V(r), more dimensions, more quantum #'s, aufbau principle, Hund's rule, 2 e- per orbital (fermion symmetry property)

does entropy of the universe increase?

does rate increase with temperature?

When ...

will a reaction reach equlibrium?

Kinetics, Rate Laws, 0th order, 1st order, 2nd order, Reaction Mechanisms, Elementary steps, Rate-determining step, Rapid pre-equilibrium, Arrhenius Model of Chemical Kinetics, Temperature dependence, Activation energy, enthalpy of transition state, Pre-exponential factor A, entropy of transition state, Transition State Theory, Reaction diagram, Temperature dependence of activation free energy

does the autodissociation of water change pH?

pH of dilute solutions

is an acid or base considered to be strong?

Relative strengths

Conjugate acids/bases

Ka, Kb, Kw

Will ...

a reaction occur (eventually)?

Spontaneity, 2nd Law of Thermo, Standard Free Energy, Standard Reaction Changes, Hess' Law, Enthalpies & Free Energies of Formation, Third Law of Thermo, Change in T, Change in State

work be done by or on the system?

Energy, Kinetic, Potential, work, PV Work, heat

heat flow to or from the system?

shift left or right?

Equilibria, Q: reaction quotient, Equilibrium Constant, ., Activity, Le Châtelier's Principle, Effect of changing conditions on equilibrium position, Concentration, Temperature, Pressure, Acid/Base Equilibria, pH, Ka, Kb, pKa

What ...

is the structure of reactants or products?

Spectroscopy, NMR, number of chemically distinct protons, IR, bond strength, reduced mass, UV-Vis, electronic spacing, microwave, bond length

Polarity, bond polarity, molecular polarity (dipole moment)

is the relationship between energy and mechanism?

is the heat of a reaction?

Calorimetry