Conceptual Questions

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Conceptual Questions by Mind Map: Conceptual Questions

1. is a reaction spontaneous?

1.1. Thermodynamics

1.1.1. Gibbs Free Energy Enthalpy Hess's Law Heats of formation bond dissociation energies Entropy

2. How ...

2.1. are bonds in a molecule formed?

2.1.1. Molecular Structure Qualitative Concepts Octet Rule Lewis Dot Localized electrons VSEPR Quantum Mechanics Hybridization Molecular Orbitals Schrödinger Equation

2.2. are bonds oriented?

2.3. is electronic structure quantized?

2.3.1. Spectroscopy NMR IR UV-Vis microwave

2.4. does a reaction take place (what is the mechanism)?

2.4.1. Reaction Mechanisms Elementary steps Rate-determining step Rapid pre-equilibrium

3. Why ...

3.1. are bond arranged in a particular geometry?

3.1.1. Electronic Structure Atomic Structure Orbitals Valence Molecular Structure Qualitative Concepts Quantum Mechanics

3.2. does entropy of the universe increase?

3.3. does rate increase with temperature?

4. When ...

4.1. will a reaction reach equlibrium?

4.1.1. Kinetics Rate Laws 0th order 1st order 2nd order Reaction Mechanisms Elementary steps Rate-determining step Rapid pre-equilibrium Arrhenius Model of Chemical Kinetics Temperature dependence Activation energy Pre-exponential factor A Transition State Theory Reaction diagram Temperature dependence of activation free energy

4.2. does the autodissociation of water change pH?

4.2.1. pH of dilute solutions

4.3. is an acid or base considered to be strong?

4.3.1. Relative strengths

4.3.2. Conjugate acids/bases

4.3.3. Ka, Kb, Kw

5. Will ...

5.1. a reaction occur (eventually)?

5.1.1. Spontaneity 2nd Law of Thermo Standard Free Energy Standard Reaction Changes Hess' Law Enthalpies & Free Energies of Formation Third Law of Thermo

5.2. work be done by or on the system?

5.2.1. Energy Kinetic Potential work PV Work heat

5.3. heat flow to or from the system?

5.4. shift left or right?

5.4.1. Equilibria Q: reaction quotient Equilibrium Constant . Activity Le Châtelier's Principle Effect of changing conditions on equilibrium position Acid/Base Equilibria pH Ka, Kb pKa

6. What ...

6.1. is the structure of reactants or products?

6.1.1. Spectroscopy NMR number of chemically distinct protons IR bond strength, reduced mass UV-Vis electronic spacing microwave bond length

6.1.2. Polarity bond polarity molecular polarity (dipole moment)

6.2. is the relationship between energy and mechanism?

6.3. is the heat of a reaction?

6.3.1. Calorimetry