Engineering, Technology, and Applied Science

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Engineering, Technology, and Applied Science by Mind Map: Engineering, Technology, and Applied Science

1. ETS1: Engineering Design

1.1. ETS1.A: Defining and Delimiting an Engineering Problem

1.1.1. Grade 2: understand the problem being solved

1.1.2. Grade 5: understand constraints and criteria

1.1.3. Grade 8: successful design maps criteria and constraints to scientific principles

1.1.4. Grade 12: criteria and constraints affect durability, function, size, costs

1.2. ETS1.B: Developing Possible Solutions

1.2.1. Grade 2: convey (communicate) designs with sketches, drawings, models

1.2.2. Grade 5: research required, often collaborative (brainstorming), with testing

1.2.3. Grade 8: systematic processes guide testing for design evaluation

1.2.4. Grade 12: complex problems can be broken into components

1.3. ETS1.C: Optimizing the Design Solution

1.3.1. Grade 2: multiple solutions are possible

1.3.2. Grade 5: different solutions are tested to see which is best

1.3.3. Grade 8: systematic processes, often iterative, guide evaluation with respect to constraints and criteria

1.3.4. Grade 12: optimization often involves trade-offs

2. EST2: Links among Engineering, Technology, Science, and Society

2.1. ETS2.A: Interdependence of Science, Engineering, and Technology

2.1.1. Grade 2: engineering tools can be used in science

2.1.2. Grade 5: scientific discoveries of the natural world can lead to technology improvements

2.1.3. Grade 8: new science may need to be explored, and technology can expand scientific investigations (mutually supportive)

2.1.4. Grade 12: R&D cycle represents the complementary cycle between science and engineering

2.2. ETS2.B: Influence of Engineering, Technology, and Science on Society and the Natural World

2.2.1. Grade 2: developing and using technology impacts the natural world by applying science

2.2.2. Grade 5: engineering changes the way people live and interact

2.2.3. Grade 8: technology use may be limited by societal needs, findings of scientific research, climate, natural resources, and economics

2.2.4. Grade 12: engineering application depends on market forces, societal requirements, and governmental regulation due to the potential impact on society and the environment